աւազ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Has been compared to Latin sabulum (gravel, sand), Ancient Greek ψάμμος (psámmos), ἄμαθος (ámathos, sand) and Proto-Germanic *samdaz and derived from Proto-Indo-European *sabʰ-.[1][2]

Martirosyan proposes borrowing from Iranian; compare Sogdian ʾʾwzyy (*ōwazē), ʾʾwzʾk (*āwaze, *āwāz, lake, pond), Persian آوازه (āwāze, swamp; pool), Old Armenian աւազան (awazan, pool; receptacle, washing tub, watering trough, cauldron, laver, bath) (from Iranian), with a semantic shift “swamp” → “silt” → “sand”.[3]

Compare also Mazanderani وازیک (vâzik, sand).

Noun[edit]

աւազ (awaz)

  1. sand, gravel
    աւազ ցանելawaz cʿanelto gravel
    խրել յաւազիxrel yawazito run upon a sand, to stick fast in the sand
    շփել աւազովšpʿel awazovto scour with sand
    տեղի, փոս աւազոյtełi, pʿos awazoysand-pit
    ժամացոյց յաւազոյžamacʿoycʿ yawazoyhour-glass
    աւազքawazkʿsand-banks, quick-sands, downs; sand-pit
    խրել յաւազսxrel yawazsto run upon a sand
  2. (by extension) dust

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 40–41
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աւազ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. ^ Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “awaz”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 149

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աւազ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Bailey, H. W. (1979), “hāysiñä”, in Dictionary of Khotan Saka, Cambridge, London, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University press, pages 478–479
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աւազ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy