ափն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Benveniste connected with Proto-Germanic *ōferaz and Ancient Greek ἤπειρος ‎(ḗpeiros), assuming a Proto-Indo-European basic heteroclitic r/n-stem, where Armenian would have generalized the n-stem variant, according to Olsen, "probably *h₂apén-, *ə₂pén-ափին ‎(apʿin) on the basis of the locative singular, evidently an important case form in a word of this meaning". According to Kroonen, if the appurtenance of Armenian is accepted, the ablauting heteroclitic can be reconstructed as nominative *h₂éh₁/h₂p-r, genitive *h₂h₁/h₂p-én-s.

The above etymology is rejected by Pokorny and Beekes on phonetic grounds: the sound change of Proto-Indo-European *pOld Armenian -փ- ‎(-pʿ-) is irregular. Beekes remarks that we may be dealing with a substrate word.

Noun[edit]

ափն ‎(apʿn)

  1. edge (e.g. of a gorge, pit, well, city, grave, etc.)
  2. shore, bank, coast (of a water body)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: ափ ‎(apʿ)

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ափն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ափն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Benveniste, Émile (1935) Origines de la formation des noms en indo-européen (in French), Paris: Adrien-Maisonneuve, page 15
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “ափն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 365b
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “āpero-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 53
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 136–137
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἤπειρος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 523
  • Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*ōf(e)ra-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 394