ἤπειρος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hellenic *ā́peryos, from Proto-Indo-European *Heh₂per- (Beekes) or *h₂eh₁/h₂per-io- (Kroonen). Cognates include Proto-Germanic *ōferaz and possibly Old Armenian ափն (apʿn); see those for more. If the appurtenance of Armenian is accepted, we may be dealing with a heteroclitic r/n-stem.

According to Specht apud Olsen, this Indo-European root is a vrddhi derivative from the etymon of Sanskrit अपर (ápara, posterior, later, latter).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ɛ̌ː.peː.ros/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈe.pi.ros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈi.pi.ros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈi.pi.ros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈi.pi.ros/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἤπειρος (ḗpeirosf (genitive ἠπείρου); second declension

    1. mainland, land
    2. The mainland of Greece
    3. continent
    4. inland areas (as opposed to coastal areas)

    Inflection[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    Further reading[edit]

    1. REDIRECT Template:R:gem:EDPG
    • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “ἤπειρος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 523
    • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 136
    • Pokorny, Julius (1959), “āpero-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 53