երինջ

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian երինջ ‎(erinǰ).

Noun[edit]

երինջ ‎(erinǰ)

  1. heifer
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, developed figuratively from the sense “heifer”; typologically compare որթ ‎(ortʿ, calf; vine). According to Martirosyan, this may be a Mediterranean/Pontic substrate word found also in Ancient Greek θρινία ‎(thrinía, vineyard), Albanian trishe ‎(offshoot, seedling, sapling), Serbo-Croatian trs ‎(grapevine, reed).

Noun[edit]

երինջ ‎(erinǰ)

  1. (dialectal, Ararat) three-year-old sprout of grapes which is replanted separately
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 265
  • երինջ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume II, page 56b

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Usually compared with Ancient Greek ἔριφος ‎(ériphos, kid), Latin ariēs ‎(ram), Lithuanian ė́ras ‎(lamb), Old Armenian որոջ ‎(oroǰ).

Noun[edit]

երինջ ‎(erinǰ

  1. heifer, young cow
  2. (by extension) cow
  3. (figuratively) bride

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • երինջ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • երինջ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • երինջ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 264