երինջ

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Armenian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian երինջ ‎(erinǰ).

Noun[edit]

երինջ ‎(erinǰ)

  1. heifer
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, developed figuratively from the sense “heifer”; typologically compare որթ ‎(ortʿ, calf; vine). According to Martirosyan, this may be a Mediterranean/Pontic substrate word found also in Ancient Greek θρινία ‎(thrinía, vineyard), Albanian trishe ‎(offshoot, seedling, sapling), Serbo-Croatian trs ‎(grapevine, reed).

Noun[edit]

երինջ ‎(erinǰ)

  1. (dialectal, Ararat) three-year-old sprout of grapes which is replanted separately
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 265
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “երինջ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 56b

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Usually compared with Ancient Greek ἔριφος ‎(ériphos, kid), Latin ariēs ‎(ram), Lithuanian ė́ras ‎(lamb), Old Armenian որոջ ‎(oroǰ).

Noun[edit]

երինջ ‎(erinǰ)

  1. heifer, young cow
  2. (by extension) cow
  3. (figuratively) bride

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “երինջ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “երինջ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “երինջ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 264