որթ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian որթ ‎(ortʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

որթ ‎(ortʿ)

  1. vine, grapevine

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *pórt-h₂-u-. Cognate with Ancient Greek πόρτις ‎(pórtis, bull-calf; boy), Sanskrit पृथुक ‎(pṛthuka, boy; the young of any animal), Welsh erthyl ‎(untimely birth), Old High German farro (German Farre ‎(bullock)). The initial *p- survives in dialectal հորթ ‎(hortʿ) which is the accepted and usual form in modern literary Armenian. Related to որդի ‎(ordi, child).

Noun[edit]

որթ ‎(ortʿ)

  1. calf
    որթ դիեցիկ‎ ― ortʿ diecʿik ― sucking calf
    միս որթու‎ ― mis ortʿu ― veal
    որթ խորովեալ‎ ― ortʿ xoroveal ― roast veal
    մորթ որթու‎ ― mortʿ ortʿu ― calf-skin
    որթ ծովային‎ ― ortʿ covayin ― seal, sea-calf
    որթ ոսկի ձուլածոյ‎ ― ortʿ oski julacoy ― golden calf
  2. young of a deer
    որթ եղանց‎ ― ortʿ ełancʿ ― fawn, young deer
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “որթ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “որթ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “որթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 578–579
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “analut‘”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 65
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “ort‘”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 536–537

Etymology 2[edit]

According to Ačaṙyan, developed figuratively from որթ ‎(ortʿ, calf); typologically he compares երինջ ‎(erinǰ, heifer; sprout of grapes), Ancient Greek βλαστός ‎(blastós, sprout; child), μόσχος ‎(móskhos, calf; young shoot, twig). Martirosyan does not discuss որթ ‎(ortʿ, vine) s.v. որթ ‎(ortʿ, calf), but he mentions the pair under the semantic field young animals : young branches : child, generation (human, fauna and flora), along with երինջ ‎(erinǰ, heifer) : երինջ ‎(erinǰ, sprout of grapes) and մորճ ‎(morč, thicket; young branch) : մանուկ-մորճուկ ‎(manuk-morčuk, young (children, orphans)), մորճիկ ‎(morčik, offspring, son or daughter).

J̌ahukyan, following Pedersen, derives from Proto-Indo-European *ortʰo-, beside *ort- ‎(vine), with Albanian hardhi as a cognate. Alternatively, following Petersson, he derives this from Proto-Indo-European *portʰo-, beside *pertʰ- ‎(pole, sprout), with Ancient Greek πτόρθος ‎(ptórthos, sprout) as a cognate.

Noun[edit]

որթ ‎(ortʿ)

  1. vine, grapevine
    բեր որթոյ‎ ― ber ortʿoy ― grapes
    տերեւ որթոյ‎ ― terew ortʿoy ― vine-leaf
    ուռ որթոյ‎ ― uṙ ortʿoy ― vine-tendril
    յօտք որթոյ‎ ― yōtkʿ ortʿoy ― vine-branches, vine-cuttings
    թօթափել/աղել զտերեւս որթոյ‎ ― tʿōtʿapʿel/ałel zterews ortʿoy ― to strip away the superfluous vine-leaves
  2. (rare) grape (the fruit of vine)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “որթ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “որթ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petersson, Herbert (1916), “Beiträge zur armenischen Wortkunde”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung auf dem Gebiete der Indogermanischen Sprachen[1] (in German), volume 47, issue 3/4, pages 271—273
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “որթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 579
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 785
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “որթ II”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 606–607