զօր

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The original spelling is զաւր (zawr), borrowed from Parthian zʾwr (zāwar). Compare Avestan 𐬰𐬁𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬭𐬆 (zāuuarə, power, might), Middle Persian zwl (zōr, power, might), Persian زور (zōr, strength, power).

Noun[edit]

զօր (zōr)

  1. strength, vigour, force
    մինչդեռ զօրն եւ ոգիք անդէն կայինminčʿdeṙ zōrn ew ogikʿ andēn kayinand still breathing, giving signs of life
  2. army, host, soldiery, militia, soldiers, forces, troops
    հետեւակ զօրքhetewak zōrkʿinfantry, foot-soldier
    զօր առնել, հատանելzōr aṙnel, hatanelto levy soldiers, to enroll troops, to subsidize an army, to recruit
    ընտիր ընտիր զօրուցəntir əntir zōrucʿthe flower of the troops, the best troops in an army
    զօր ծանր, ստուար, բազմաձեռնzōr canr, stuar, bazmajeṙngreat army, numerous troops, overwhelming forces
    քաջակիրթ, պատերազմափորձ, մարզիկ զօրkʿaǰakirtʿ, paterazmapʿorj, marzik zōrdisciplined, experienced, troops inured to war
    զօրք երկնից, երկնաւոր զօրքzōrkʿ erknicʿ, erknawor zōrkʿthe host of angels
    • 7th century, Sebēos, Patmutʿiwnʿ [History] Chapter 28
      Եւ էր հրամանատար զաւրուն նորա պարսիկ ոմն իշխան՝ անուն Դատոյեան, հրամանաւ արքունի։
      Ew ēr hramanatar zawrun nora parsik omn išxan, anun Datoyean, hramanaw arkʿuni.
      • 1999 translation by Robert W. Thomson
        The commander of their force was a certain Persian prince named Datoyean, [appointed] by royal command.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “զօր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “զօր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “զօր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press