իշխան

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hy
Armenian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hy

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian իշխան(išxan).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

իշխան ‎(išxan)

  1. prince, ruler, ishkhan
  2. Sevan trout

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from an Iranian word of the shape *xšāna-, ultimately from Proto-Iranian *xšaH-(to rule, be lord of). Among the cognates compare Sogdian ʾγšʾwʾn, ʾγšywny, ʾxšywn(y)(king), Manichaean Parthian ʾxšynd(prince). Related to իշխեմ(išxem).

Noun[edit]

իշխան ‎(išxan)

  1. prince, ruler, ishkhan
    իշխանաց իշխան, իշխան աշխարհի‎ ― išxanacʿ išxan, išxan ašxarhi ― the sovereign, the king; prince, crown-prince, heir-apparent
    իշխան զօրուն‎ ― išxan zōrun ― general of the army
    իշխան երգոց‎ ― išxan ergocʿ ― master of the choir
    իշխան աշխարհի, խաւարի, մոլորութեան‎ ― išxan ašxarhi, xawari, molorutʿean ― the prince of darkness, satan, demon, fiend
    իշխանք‎ ― išxankʿ ― the authorities
    իշխան լինել‎ ― išxan linel ― to rule, to command, to be in power, in authority
    իշխան առնել զոք‎ ― išxan aṙnel zokʿ ― to give power to someone
    իշխան էր իւրոց ախտից‎ ― išxan ēr iwrocʿ axticʿ ― he was master of himself, or his own master
    քում գլխոյդ չես իշխան‎ ― kʿum glxoyd čʿes išxan ― you are not lord of your own life
    չէ իշխան‎ ― čʿē išxan ― he cannot, he is not authorized to
    զիշխանի թեկն ածել‎ ― zišxani tʿekn acel ― to pass one's self off for a prince; to play the grandee, to lord it

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “իշխան”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 246b
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “իշխել”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 246–247
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836), “իշխան”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 864bc
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 526
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “իշխան”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 246a
  • Schmitt, R.; Bailey, H. W. (1986), “Armenia and Iran iv. Iranian influences in Armenian Language”, in Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition[1], New York, retrieved 2016-04-17