խրամ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խրամ ‎(xram).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

խրամ ‎(xram)

  1. (military, historical) moat
  2. (military) trench, entrenchment
  3. breach, rupture, rent opened on a wall

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Laz ღორმა ‎(ɣorma, hole, aperture), which underwent the typical changes: Kartvelian -ɣ- is substituted by Old Armenian -x-. Compare Georgian ღრმა ‎(ɣrma, deep).

Noun[edit]

խրամ ‎(xram)

  1. (military) moat, trench, ditch; mine or sap
    խրամ հատանել‎ ― xram hatanel ― to cut a trench
  2. (military) breach, rupture, rent on a wall, fortification
    խրամ հատանել‎ ― xram hatanel ― to make a gap; to open a breach
  3. (figuratively) division, separation
    յորդիս իմ եղեւ խրամ‎ ― yordis im ełew xram ― there was a gap among my sons

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “խրամ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “խրամ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “խրամ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Djahukian, Gevorg (2003), “Notes on Some Lexical Correspondences between Armenian and the Kartvelian Languages”, in Iran and the Caucasus[1], volume 7, issue 1/2, pages 191–194