կոճ-

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See also: կոճ

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Similar development of senses (see կոճ ‎(koč)) is found in Latin truncus and Ancient Greek ἀστράγαλος ‎(astrágalos). Martirosyan assumes the basic meaning to be ‘to beat, break’ and derives կոճ- ‎(koč-) from կոծ- ‎(koc-, to beat).

Root[edit]

կոճ- ‎(koč-)

  1. to break; to chop off, to lop off, to cut off
    *կոճեմ‎ ― *kočem ― to strike; to break; to cut off
    կոշկոճեմ‎ ― koškočem ― to beat
  2. tree trunk with branches lopped away
    կոճ‎ ― koč ― log, beam
    կոճղ‎ ― kočł ― tree trunk
  3. protruding bony part on the body (because of the likeness to a rough piece of wood or to a trunk of a tree)
    կոճ‎ ― koč ― anklebone, knucklebone
  4. spherical parts on plants
    կոճակ‎ ― kočak ― bud, germ
    կոճղէզ‎ ― kočłēz ― bulbous root
    կոճ վրացի‎ ― koč vracʿi ― hellebore
    կոճապղպեղ‎ ― kočapłpeł ― ginger
  5. other small spherical objects
    կոճակ‎ ― kočak ― button

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “կոճ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 370