կոճ-

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See also: կոճ

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Similar development of senses (see կոճ (koč)) is found in Latin truncus and Ancient Greek ἀστράγαλος (astrágalos). Martirosyan assumes the basic meaning to be ‘to beat, break’ and derives կոճ- (koč-) from կոծ- (koc-, to beat).

Root[edit]

կոճ- (koč-)

  1. to break; to chop off, to lop off, to cut off
    *կոճեմ*kočemto strike; to break; to cut off
    կոշկոճեմkoškočemto beat
  2. tree trunk with branches lopped away
    կոճkočlog, beam
    կոճղkočłtree trunk
  3. protruding bony part on the body (because of the likeness to a rough piece of wood or to a trunk of a tree)
    կոճkočanklebone, knucklebone
  4. spherical parts on plants
    կոճակkočakbud, germ
    կոճղէզkočłēzbulbous root
    կոճ վրացիkoč vracʿihellebore
    կոճապղպեղkočapłpełginger
  5. other small spherical objects
    կոճակkočakbutton

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “կոճ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 370