truncus

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English[edit]

A mathematical graph of the basic truncus formula, marked in blue, with domain and range both restricted to [5, 5].

Etymology[edit]

From Latin truncus. Doublet of tronk and trunk.

Noun[edit]

truncus (plural trunci)

  1. (biology) The thorax of an insect.
  2. (medicine) The trunk (torso) of the human body or other animal body.
  3. (medicine) An arterial trunk, such as the truncus arteriosus.
  4. (geometry) A curve in the Cartesian plane consisting of all points (x,y) satisfying an equation of the form where a, b, and c are given constants.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown origin, but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *twerḱ- (to cut). Cognate with Ancient Greek σάρξ (sárx), Old Irish tru, troich (fated to die) and Latin trux[1] [2][3] and Proto-Slavic *strǫkъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

truncus (feminine trunca, neuter truncum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. lopped, docked
  2. maimed, mangled, mutilated

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative truncus trunca truncum truncī truncae trunca
Genitive truncī truncae truncī truncōrum truncārum truncōrum
Dative truncō truncō truncīs
Accusative truncum truncam truncum truncōs truncās trunca
Ablative truncō truncā truncō truncīs
Vocative trunce trunca truncum truncī truncae trunca

Descendants[edit]

  • Spanish: trunco

Noun[edit]

truncus m (genitive truncī); second declension

  1. A tree trunk.
  2. (New Latin, biology) The thorax of an insect.
  3. (New Latin, medicine) The trunk (torso) of the human body or other animal body.
  4. (New Latin, medicine) An arterial trunk, such as the truncus arteriosus.
  5. A piece cut off.

Declension[edit]

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative truncus truncī
Genitive truncī truncōrum
Dative truncō truncīs
Accusative truncum truncōs
Ablative truncō truncīs
Vocative trunce truncī

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • truncus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • truncus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • truncus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • truncus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  1. ^ Partridge, Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English
  2. ^ Partridge, Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN