truncus

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English[edit]

A mathematical graph of the basic truncus forumula, marked in blue, with domain and range both restricted to [5, 5].

Etymology[edit]

From Latin truncus.

Noun[edit]

truncus (plural trunci)

  1. (biology) The thorax of an insect.
  2. (geometry) A curve in the Cartesian plane consisting of all points (x,y) satisfying an equation of the form where a, b, and c are given constants.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown origin, but possibly from Proto-Indo-European *twerḱ- (to cut). Cognate with Ancient Greek σάρξ (sárx), Old Irish tru, troich (fated to die) and Latin trux[1] [2][3].

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

truncus (feminine trunca, neuter truncum); first/second declension

  1. maimed, mangled, mutilated

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative truncus trunca truncum truncī truncae trunca
genitive truncī truncae truncī truncōrum truncārum truncōrum
dative truncō truncō truncīs
accusative truncum truncam truncum truncōs truncās trunca
ablative truncō truncā truncō truncīs
vocative trunce trunca truncum truncī truncae trunca

Noun[edit]

truncus m (genitive truncī); second declension

  1. tree trunk
  2. trunk the human body
  3. a piece cut off

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative truncus truncī
genitive truncī truncōrum
dative truncō truncīs
accusative truncum truncōs
ablative truncō truncīs
vocative trunce truncī

Synonyms[edit]

  • (tree trunk): capitō (Mediaeval)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Partridge, Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English
  2. ^ Partridge, Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English
  3. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill