նապաստակ

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The literary form նապաստակ (napastak) is borrowed from Old Armenian նապաստակ (napastak).

Most of the dialectal forms are inherited from Old Armenian *նապարստակ (*naparstak), in some cases via Middle Armenian լապաստակ (lapastak) and its parallel forms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

նապաստակ (napastak)

  1. hare (Lepus)
    նապաստակի ականջnapastaki akanǰchanterelle, Cantharellus cibarius

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Łazaryan, Ṙ. S. (1998), “նապաստակ”, in Kendanineri anunneri hayeren-ṙuseren-latineren kargabanakan baṙaran. Girkʿ A. Katʿnasunner [An Armenian–Russian–Latin Taxonomic Dictionary of Animal Names. Book I. Mammals] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Pyunik, § 146, page 19
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837), “նապաստակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 405a
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “նապաստակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 428b
  • Sargsyan, Artem et al., editors (2002), “լապստակ”, in Hayocʿ lezvi barbaṙayin baṙaran [Dialectological Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume II, Yerevan: Hayastan, page 202b

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ačaṙyan reconstructs the older form of the word as *նապարստակ (*naparstak), from which he explains the Middle Armenian and dialectal forms in լ- (l-) as a dissimilation of ն... ր... (n... r...) to լ... ր... (l... r...). The -ր- (-r-) was lost before a sibilant but survived in dialects thanks to a metathesis. Because լ- (l-) is not old Ačaṙyan rejects the attempts to connect with Latin lepus and leaves the origin open. Olsen remarks that the word has an appearance of an Iranian loan (compare the ending -ակ (-ak)) but the exact source has not been definitely established.

Noun[edit]

նապաստակ (napastak)

  1. hare (Lepus)
    արու նապաստակaru napastakbuck-hare
    մատակ նապաստակmatak napastakdoe-hare
    ձագ նապաստակիjag napastakileveret
    հետք նապաստակիhetkʿ napastakiform, prick
    գետնափոր նապաստակgetnapʿor napastakrabbit, cony
  2. (post-classical, modern, astronomy) Lepus (constellation)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]