նապաստակ

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Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The literary form նապաստակ(napastak) is a borrowing from Old Armenian նապաստակ(napastak).

Most of the dialectal forms are inherited from Old Armenian *նապարստակ(*naparstak), in some cases via Middle Armenian լապաստակ(lapastak) and its parallel forms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

նապաստակ ‎(napastak)

  1. hare (Lepus)
    նապաստակի ականջ‎ ― napastaki akanǰ ― chanterelle, Cantharellus cibarius

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Łazaryan, Ṙuben S. (1998), “նապաստակ”, in Kendanineri anunneri hayeren-ṙuseren-latineren kargabanakan baṙaran. Girkʿ A. Katʿnasunner [An Armenian–Russian–Latin Taxonomic Dictionary of Animal Names. Book I. Mammals] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Pyunik, § 146, page 19
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1837), “նապաստակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume II, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 405a
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1977), “նապաստակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume III, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 428b
  • Sargsyan, Artem et al., editors (2002), “լապստակ”, in Hayocʿ lezvi barbaṙayin baṙaran [Dialectological Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume II, Yerevan: Hayastan, page 202b

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ačaṙyan reconstructs the older form of the word as *նապարստակ(*naparstak), from which he explains the Middle Armenian and dialectal forms in լ-(l-) as a dissimilation of ն... ր...(n... r...) to լ... ր...(l... r...). The -ր-(-r-) was lost before a sibilant but survived in dialects thanks to a metathesis. Because լ-(l-) is not old Ačaṙyan rejects the attempts to connect with Latin lepus and leaves the origin open. Olsen remarks that the word has an appearance of an Iranian loan (compare the ending -ակ(-ak)) but the exact source has not been definitely established.

Noun[edit]

նապաստակ ‎(napastak)

  1. hare (Lepus)
    արու նապաստակ‎ ― aru napastak ― buck-hare
    մատակ նապաստակ‎ ― matak napastak ― doe-hare
    ձագ նապաստակի‎ ― jag napastaki ― leveret
    հետք նապաստակի‎ ― hetkʿ napastaki ― form, prick
    գետնափոր նապաստակ‎ ― getnapʿor napastak ― rabbit, cony
  2. (post-classical, modern, astronomy) Lepus (constellation)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]