պինդ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian պինդ ‎(pind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

պինդ ‎(pind) ‎(superlative ամենապինդ)

  1. durable, strong, solid

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pre-Armenian *bendʰ-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- ‎(to bind; bond).[1][2][3][4] Martirosyan explains the change of the initial consonant by the operation of Grassman's law, although he admits that we have no further secure examples of this law in Armenian.[5]

On the other hand, պինդ ‎(pind) has been derived from Iranian.[6] Compare Khotanese piṇḍaa- ‎(lump), Sanskrit पिण्ड ‎(piṇḍa, lump, ball (of food)). This is considered less probable by Martirosyan.[5]

Adjective[edit]

պինդ ‎(pind)

  1. firm, dense, tight, strong, fastened
    պնդով‎ ― pndov ― strongly, steadily

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

պինդ ‎(pind)

  1. strongly, steadily
    պինդ կալ‎ ― pind kal ― to hold fast, to preserve, to persist
    պինդ ունել‎ ― pind unel ― to hold firmly to, to retain

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “պինդ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “պինդ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “պինդ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 82–83
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “բանտ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 410a
  3. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 115
  4. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “պինդ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 637ab
  5. 5.0 5.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “pind”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 552
  6. ^ Witzel, Michael (2003) Linguistic Evidence for Cultural Exchange in Prehistoric Western Central Asia (Sino-Platonic Papers; 129)[1], Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, page 33