պինդ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian պինդ ‎(pind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

պինդ ‎(pind) ‎(superlative ամենապինդ)

  1. durable, strong, solid

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pre-Armenian *bendʰ-, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- ‎(to bind; bond).[1][2][3][4] Martirosyan explains the change of the initial consonant by the operation of Grassman's law, although he admits that we have no further secure examples of this law in Armenian.[5]

On the other hand, պինդ ‎(pind) has been derived from Iranian.[6] Compare Khotanese piṇḍaa- ‎(lump), Sanskrit पिण्ड ‎(piṇḍa, lump, ball (of food)). This is considered less probable by Martirosyan.[5]

Adjective[edit]

պինդ ‎(pind

  1. firm, dense, tight, strong, fastened
    պնդովpndov ― strongly, steadily

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

պինդ ‎(pind)

  1. strongly, steadily
    պինդ կալpind kal ― to hold fast, to preserve, to persist
    պինդ ունելpind unel ― to hold firmly to, to retain

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • պինդ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • պինդ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  1. ^ պինդ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume IV, pages 82–83
  2. ^ բանտ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume I, page 410a
  3. ^ Geworg J̌ahukyan (1987), Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 115
  4. ^ պինդ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 637ab
  5. 5.0 5.1 “pind” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 552
  6. ^ Michael Witzel (2003), Linguistic evidence for cultural exchange in Prehistoric Western Central Asia, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations, page 33