ջուր

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian ջուր (ǰur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ջուր (ǰur)

  1. water
    ջուր խմելǰur xmelto drink water

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Since Müller 1892 often connected with a family of Baltic words, namely Lithuanian jū́rės, jū́rios, Old Prussian *jūrʲai, iūrin, Lithuanian jūra (sea), Lithuanian jáura, jáuras (marshy place), and derived from Proto-Indo-European *yuHr- (water). J̌ahukyan adduces also Thracian Iuras (name of a river). Further common comparisons with the family of Sanskrit वार् (vār, water), Persian باران (bārān, rain) are rejected by Olsen. The evidence for the Proto-Indo-European *y-Old Armenian ջ- (ǰ-) development is meager, but compare ջան (ǰan), ջով (ǰov). This etymology is accepted by Meillet, Ačaṙean, Solta, J̌ahukyan, Olsen (with reservation) and Matasović. The reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European root is supported by Mallory / Adams but they reject the appurtenance of Armenian on phonetic grounds.

An alternative proposal started by the same Müller (1877) and supported by Justi connects ջուր (ǰur) with Sanskrit क्षरति (kṣarati), Avestan 𐬖𐬲𐬀𐬭𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌 (γžaraiti), Persian شاریدن (šārīdan, to flow, stream), شران (šorrān, purling (as running water)), Northern Kurdish şirik (drain), şurik (waterspout). This is accepted by Pokorny with reservation, who reconstructs Proto-Indo-European gʷʰdyōro- for Armenian. J̌ahukyan considers this etymology less likely than the above.

Noun[edit]

ջուր (ǰur)

  1. water
    անոյշ ջուրanoyš ǰurgood or potable water
    ըմպելի ջուրəmpeli ǰurdrinkable water
    պաղ/զով ջուրpał/zov ǰurcold or fresh water
    գաղջ ջուրgałǰ ǰurtepid water
    տաք ջուրtakʿ ǰurhot water
    եռացեալ ջուրeṙacʿeal ǰurboiling water
    հանքային ջուրhankʿayin ǰurthermal water
    ծծմբային ջուրccmbayin ǰursulfurous water
    աղային ջուրałayin ǰursaline water
    օրհնեալ ջուրōrhneal ǰurholy water
    չաստուած ջրոյčʿastuac ǰroywater-god
    ջուր մսոյǰur msoybroth
    գաւաթ մի ջուրgawatʿ mi ǰura glass, of water
    դոյլ մի ջուրdoyl mi ǰura bucket or pail of water
    դոյլ մի լի ջուրdoyl mi li ǰura pailful of water
    ընդ ջուր եւ ընդ ցամաքənd ǰur ew ənd cʿamakʿby sea and land
    տեղատութիւն եւ մակընթացութիւն ջուրցtełatutʿiwn ew makəntʿacʿutʿiwn ǰurcʿtide, flux and reflux, ebb and flow
    երթալ ջրոյertʿal ǰroyto go to fetch water
    ջուր հանելǰur hanelto draw water
    ջուր ըմպելǰur əmpelto drink water
    հեղուլ, թափել, առնել ջուրhełul, tʿapʿel, aṙnel ǰurto make water, to piss, to urine
    ջուր տալǰur talto water, to sprinkle; to water, to give to drink to
    եռացուցանել զջուրeṙacʿucʿanel zǰurto warm, to boil water
    ջուր արկանել ձեռաց ուրուքǰur arkanel jeṙacʿ urukʿto pour water on a person's hands
    լաւ է ջուր հորի քան զգինի յոռիlaw ē ǰur hori kʿan zgini yoṙipure water is better than bad wine
  2. (as an adjective) liquid, watery

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “ջուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 134–136
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ջուր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Jaba, Auguste; Justi, Ferdinand (1879) Dictionnaire Kurde-Français [Kurdish–French Dictionary], Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 256a
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, pages 114, 159
  • Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 636b
  • Matasović, Ranko (2009) A Grammatical Sketch of Classical Armenian[1] (pdf), Zagreb, page 14
  • Meillet, Antoine (1903) Esquisse d’une grammaire comparée de l’arménien classique (in French), Vienna: Imprimerie des PP. Mékhitharistes, page 29
  • Meillet, Antoine (1920), “Les noms du ‘feu’ et de l’‘eau’ et la question du genre”, in Mémoires de la Société de Linguistique de Paris (in French), volume 21, page 251
  • Meillet, Antoine (1922), “De quelques y initiaux devant u- en indo-europeen”, in Bulletin de la Société de linguistique de Paris (in French), volume 23, page 76
  • Müller, Friedrich (1877), “Armeniaca V”, in Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-Historische Classe (in German), volume 88, issue 1, page 12
  • Müller, Friedrich (1892), “Pahlawi und armenische Etymologien”, in Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes (in German), volume 6, pages 267–268
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 50
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (2017), “Armenian”, in Mate Kapović, editor, The Indo-European Languages (Routledge Language Family Series), 2nd edition, London, New York: Routledge, page 429
  • Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 487
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ջուր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Solta, G. R. (1960) Die Stellung des Armenischen im Kreise der indogermanischen Sprachen (Studien zur armenischen Geschichte; 9) (in German), Vienna: Mechitharisten, pages 320–322