փետուր

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Armenian[edit]

փետուր

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian փետուր ‎(pʿetur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

փետուր ‎(pʿetur)

  1. feather

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The etymology remains uncertain.

Since long connected with the descendants of Proto-Indo-European *péth₂r̥ ‎(wing; feather), but Armenian is usually not considered to be inherited from the latter because of phonological problems (e.g. Proto-Indo-European *pe- would yield Old Armenian հե- ‎(he-)). Ačaṙyan and J̌ahukyan imply, that we may be dealing with an early borrowing from some descendant of that Proto-Indo-European root, Ačaṙyan pointing specifically to Hittite [script needed] n ‎(pattar, wing), which should perhaps be read as pettar.

On the other hand, Martirosyan and Simon are more positive about the inheritance, Martirosyan reconstructing a nominative singular auslaut *-ōr with a question mark.

In Middle Armenian and dialects the form թեպուր ‎(tʿepur) is also attested.

Noun[edit]

փետուր ‎(pʿetur)

  1. feather
    նուրբ, մանր փետուրք‎ ― nurb, manr pʿeturkʿ ― down, soft feathers
    խոշոր փետուրք‎ ― xošor pʿeturkʿ ― master or longest quills
    յարդարել զփետուրս‎ ― yardarel zpʿeturs ― to preen, cleanse or dress the feathers
    աւել ի փետրոց‎ ― awel i pʿetrocʿ ― featherbroom

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “փետուր”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 498–499
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “փետուր”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “փետուր”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, pages 500–501
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 262
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “փետուր”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 763a
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “tʿitʿełn”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 293
  • Simon, Zsolt (2013), “Die These der hethitisch-luwischen Lehnwörter im Armenischen: eine kritische Neubetrachtung”, in International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction[1] (in German), volume 10, issue 2, page 110