փետուր

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Armenian[edit]

փետուր

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Old Armenian փետուր ‎(pʿetur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

փետուր ‎(pʿetur)

  1. feather

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • փետուր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume IV, pages 498–499

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The etymology remains uncertain.

Since long connected with the descendants of Proto-Indo-European *péth₂r̥ ‎(wing; feather), but Armenian is usually not considered to be inherited from the latter because of phonological problems (e.g. Proto-Indo-European *pe- would yield Old Armenian հե- ‎(he-)). Ačaṙyan and J̌ahukyan imply, that we may be dealing with an early borrowing from some descendant of that Proto-Indo-European root, Ačaṙyan pointing specifically to Hittite [script needed] n ‎(pattar, wing), which should perhaps be read as pettar.

On the other hand, Martirosyan and Simon are more positive about the inheritance, Martirosyan reconstructing a nominative singular auslaut *-ōr with a question mark.

In Middle Armenian and dialects the form թեպուր ‎(tʿepur) is also attested.

Noun[edit]

փետուր ‎(pʿetur

  1. feather
    նուրբ, մանր փետուրք‎ ― nurb, manr pʿeturkʿ ― down, soft feathers
    խոշոր փետուրք‎ ― xošor pʿeturkʿ ― master or longest quills
    յարդարել զփետուրս‎ ― yardarel zpʿeturs ― to preen, cleanse or dress the feathers
    աւել ի փետրոց‎ ― awel i pʿetrocʿ ― featherbroom

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • փետուր in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • փետուր in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, pages 500–501
  • փետուր in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume IV, pages 498–499
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1987), Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 262
  • փետուր in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 763a
  • “tʿitʿełn” in Hrach Martirosyan (2010), Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, ISBN 9789004173378, page 293
  • Zsolt Simon (2013), Die These der hethitisch-luwischen Lehnwörter im Armenischen: eine kritische Neubetrachtung. In: International Journal of Diachronic Linguistics and Linguistic Reconstruction, 10.2: 97–135, page 110