זמן

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See also: ז־מ־ן

Hebrew[edit]

Root
ז־מ־ן

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *zaman-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

זְמַן (z'mánm (plural indefinite זְמַנִּים, singular construct זְמַן־, plural construct זְמַנֵּי־)

  1. (uncountable) time (inevitable passing of events)
    הזמן עובר מהר כשנהנים.‏‎ ― haz'mán 'ovér mahér k'shenehením.Time passes fast when [you're] having fun.
  2. (countable) a time (duration of time)
    הגעת בזמן רע, אני עסוק.‏‎ ― higa't(/a) biz'mán ra', aní 'asúk.You arrived(f/m) at a bad time, I'm busy.
    הקיץ זה זמן מצוין לצאת לחופשה.‏‎ ― Summer is an excellent time to go on a vacation.
  3. (by extension) a time (measurement of a quantity of time)
    הרצה קבעה זמן מצוין.‏‎ ― haratsá kav'á z'mán m'tsuyán.The runner set an excellent time.
  4. (grammar) a tense (verb form distinguishing time)
    כתבתי זה פועל בזמן עבר.‏
    katavtí ze po'ál bez'mán 'avár
    כתבתי (katavtí, I wrote) is a verb in the past tense.
  5. (usually in the plural) a era, times
    זמנים קשים.‏‎ ― z'maním kashímHard times.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The lemma form is also spelled with a kamats under the mem i.e. זְמָן (z'mán).

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]