זמן

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hebrew[edit]

Root
ז־מ־ן

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *zaman-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

זְמָן ‎(z'mánm ‎(plural indefinite זְמַנִּים, singular construct זְמַן־, plural construct זְמָנֵי־)

  1. (uncountable) time (inevitable passing of events)
    הזמן עובר מהר כשנהנים.‎ ― haz'mán 'ovér mahér k'shenehením.Time passes fast when [you're] having fun.
  2. (countable) a time (duration of time)
    הגעת בזמן רע, אני עסוק.‎ ― higa't(/a) biz'mán ra', aní 'asúk. ― You arrived(f/m) at a bad time, I'm busy.
    הקיץ זה זמן מצוין לצאת לחופשה.‎ ― Summer is an excellent time to go on a vacation.
  3. (by extension) a time (measurement of a quantity of time)
    הרצה קבעה זמן מצוין.‎ ― haratsá kav'á z'mán m'tsuyán. ― The runner set an excellent time.
  4. (grammar) a tense (verb form distinguishing time)
    כתבתי זה פועל בזמן עבר.
    katavtí ze po'ál bez'mán 'avár
    כתבתי ‎(katavtí, I wrote) is a verb in the past tense.
  5. (usually in the plural) a era, times
    זמנים קשים.‎ ― z'maním kashím ― Hard times.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The lemma form is also spelled with a pataḥ under the mem i.e. זְמַן ‎(z'mán).
  • Unlike English time, זְמָן ‎(z'mán) is not used with the sense an instant of time instead the word שָׁעָה ‎(sha'á) is used. For example one would say מה השעה? ‎(ma ha'sha'á, What time is it?, literally What's the hour?).

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]