כור

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived from Akkadian 𒆠𒉈 (/kuru/, crucible, kiln, brazier; log, thick reed; short reed mat, collection of reeds), likely coined from Sumerian 𒄥 (gur, a bundle), hence a place of burning bundles of firewood or tinder. Cognate with Aramaic כּוּרָא(kūrā), Classical Syriac ܟܘܪܐ(kūrā), Arabic كُور(kūr), and related to כִּירָה(kirá).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

כּוּר (kurm (plural indefinite כּוּרִים‎, singular construct כּוּר־, plural construct כּוּרֵי־‎)

  1. A furnace for melting metals.
    • c. 593–571 BCE, Ezekiel 22:22, with translation of the King James Version:
      כְּהִתּוּךְ כֶּסֶף בְּתוֹךְ כּוּר כֵּן תֻּתְּכוּ בְתוֹכָהּ []
      k'hitúkh késef b'tókh kur ken tutkhú b'tokháh []
      As silver is melted in the midst of the furnace, so shall ye be melted in the midst thereof; []
    • a. 217 CE, Mishnah, Shabbat 8:4:
      כּוּר שֶׁל צוֹרְפֵי זָהָב
      kur shel tzor'féi zaháv
      a furnace of goldsmiths
    • 200 BCE – 175 BCE, Ben Sira 31.43
      כּוּר בּוֹחֵן מַעֲשֵׂה לוֹטֵשׁ
      kur bokhén ma'asé lotésh
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  2. Used figuratively.
    • 1905, Hayim Nahman Bialik, The Scroll of Fire 8
      צֹרַף לְבַב הָעֶלֶם בְּכוּר מְשֻׁלָּשׁ
      tzoráf l'váv ha'élem b'khúr m'shulásh
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Akkadian 𒄥 (/kurru/), from Sumerian 𒄥 (GUR, a bundle of barley; standard unit of capacity). Cognate with Aramaic כּוֹרָא(kōrā, a dry measure), Classical Syriac ܟܘܪܐ(kōrā, a dry measure), Arabic كُرّ(kurr, a dry measure; payment of six donkeys).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

כּוֹר (korm (plural indefinite כּוֹרִים‎, singular construct כּוֹר־, plural construct כּוֹרֵי־‎)

  1. A biblical measure of weight equal to 10 ephah.
    1 Kings 5:2, with translation of the New American Standard Bible: [Note: Christian Bibles mark this verse as I Kings 4:22]
    • וַיְהִי לֶחֶם־שְׁלֹמֹה לְיוֹם אֶחָד שְׁלֹשִׁים כֹּר סֹלֶת וְשִׁשִּׁים כֹּר קָמַח׃‎‎
      Vayhí léḥem Shlomó l'yóm eḥád shloshím kór sólet v'shishím kór qémaḥ.
      Solomon's provision for one day was thirty kors of fine flour and sixty kors of meal.
    Synonym: חוֹמֶר

References[edit]