לאַפּסערדאַק

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Yiddish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Following Šapiro, Russian etymological dictionaries (e.g. Preobraženskij, Vasmer) usually derive from לײַב (layb, body) (which in Poland was pronounced [laːp] and supposedly had a dialectal meaning “upper body garment”) and Polish serdak, Ukrainian серда́к (serdák, a kind of men's outer garments). Taking the meaning “torn clothes, rags” found in Belarusian to be the primary one, Preobraženskij offers an alternative derivation from German Lappen (rag, cloth) and Russian серту́к (sertúk), сюрту́к (sjurtúk, frock coat),

Perixanjan dismisses the above as folk etymologies and sees the origin in Persian لسپردرک (laspardarak, handkerchief), itself borrowed from Sogdian ܕܣܦܪܛܪ (dsprtr /*ẟaspartar/, handkerchief), through a spps metathesis and haplology. She explains the arrival of the Iranian word into Eastern European Yiddish by Khazar mediation. See the Khazar theory of Ashkenazi ancestry. The commercial links of Khazars with Iran and Central Asia are well-known.

Noun[edit]

לאַפּסערדאַק (lapserdakm

  1. lapserdak
  2. (colloquial) tallis koton, tallit katan
  3. (figuratively) ragamuffin, ragged fellow

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Perixanjan, Anait Georgijevna (1982), “Etimologičeskije zametki. I [Etymological Notes. I]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal]‎[1] (in Russian), issue I, Yerevan: Academy Press, ISSN 0135-0536, pages 56–57
  • Preobraženskij, A. G. (1910–1914), “лапсердакъ”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Tipografija G. Lissnera i D. Sovko, page 434b
  • Šapiro, M. M. (1873), “Bibliografičeskaja zamětka. Slovarʹ Bělorusskago narěčija, sost. I. Nosovičem, S.-Prb. 1870 g. 752”, in Filologičeskija zapiski (in Russian), volume I, Voronezh, page 13
  • Tyščenko, Dmytro (2014), “לאַפּסערדאַק”, in Jidyš-ukrajinsʹkyj slovnyk [Yiddish–Ukrainian Dictionary], Kiev: Art Ekonomi, page 481a
  • Vasmer, Max (1967), “лапсердак”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume II, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv O. N., Moscow: Progress, page 459