פן

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

פֶּן (pen)

  1. Lest, [in order] thatnot, for otherwise; used in constructing warnings.
    • Exodus 20:19, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֶל־מֹשֶׁה דַּבֵּר־אַתָּה עִמָּנוּ וְנִשְׁמָעָה וְאַל־יְדַבֵּר עִמָּנוּ אֱלֹהִים פֶּן־נָמוּת׃‎
      vayom'rú 'el-moshé dabér-'atá 'imánu v'nishmá'a v'al-y'dabér 'imánu 'elohím pen-namút.
      And they said unto Moses: 'Speak thou with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.'
    • Jeremiah 6:8, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      הִוָּסְרִי יְר֣וּשָׁלִַם פֶּן־תֵּקַע נַפְשִׁי מִמֵּךְ פֶּן־אֲשִׂימֵךְ שְׁמָמָה אֶרֶץ לוֹא נוֹשָׁבָה׃‎
      hivasrí y'rushalám pen-teiká nafshí mimékh, pen-asimékh sh'mamá éretz lo noshavá.
      Be thou corrected, O Jerusalem, lest My soul be alienated from thee, lest I make thee desolate, a land not inhabited.

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]
  • As may be seen in the quotation above, in the Masoretic tradition this conjunction is attached to the following word with a hyphen (or more properly a maqaf).
  • The clause introduced by פן is nearly always in the future tense (imperfect aspect, prefix conjugation).

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

פָּן (pánm (plural indefinite פָּנִים)

  1. aspect
See also[edit]


Etymology 3[edit]

From German Föhn (hair dryer), from Vulgar Latin *faōnius, from Latin Favōnius (Favonius), a Roman wind god.

Noun[edit]

פֶן (fenm

  1. hair dryer (device for drying hair)


References[edit]