פן

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Hebrew[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Modern Israeli) IPA(key): /pen/

Conjunction[edit]

פֶּן (pen)

  1. Lest, [in order] thatnot, for otherwise; used in constructing warnings.
    • circa 600 BCE, Jeremiah 6:8,
      הִוָּסְרִי֙ יְר֣וּשָׁלִַ֔ם פֶּן־תֵּקַ֥ע נַפְשִׁ֖י מִמֵּ֑ךְ פֶּן־אֲשִׂימֵ֣ךְ שְׁמָמָ֔ה אֶ֖רֶץ לֹ֥וא נֹושָֽׁבָה׃
      hivasrí y'rushalám pen-teiká nafshí mimékh, pen-asimékh sh'mamá éretz lo noshavá.
      Be thou instructed, O Jerusalem, lest my soul depart from thee; lest I make thee desolate, a land not inhabited.[1]

Usage notes[edit]

  • As may be seen in the quotation above, in the Masoretic tradition this conjunction is attached to the following word with a hyphen (or more properly a maqaf).
  • The clause introduced by פן is nearly always in the future tense (imperfect aspect, prefix conjugation).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Authorized King James translation (1611).