צום

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Aramaic[edit]

Verb[edit]

צום (transliteration needed)

  1. to fast, to abstain

Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
צ־ו־ם

Compare Arabic صَوْم (ṣawm), Ge'ez ጾም (ṣom).

Noun[edit]

צוֹם (tsomm (plural indefinite צוֹמוֹת, singular construct צוֹם־, plural construct צוֹמוֹת־)

  1. fast (a period of time, during which one abstains from food and drink)
    • Esther 4:3, with translation of the American Standard Version:
      [] אֵבֶל גָּדוֹל לַיְּהוּדִים וְצוֹם וּבְכִי וּמִסְפֵּד שַׂק וָאֵפֶר יֻצַּע לָרַבִּים׃‏
      [] 'ével gadól lay'hudím v'tzóm uv'khí umispéd sáq va'éfer yutzá' larabím.
      [] there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
    • Unetanneh Tokef, traditional High Holidays liturgical poem of unclear origin
      בְּרֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה יִכָּתֵבוּן, וּבְיוֹם צוֹם כִּפּוּר יֵחָתֵמוּן.‏
      b'rósh hashaná yikatevún, uv'yóm tzóm kippúr yekhatemún.
      On the New Year it is written, and on the Day of the Fast of Atonement it is sealed.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Yiddish[edit]

Preposition[edit]

צום (tsum)

  1. Contraction of צו דעם (tsu dem): to the.
  2. Precedes a superlative adjective in the dative singular to create a superlative adverb.