רקע

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ר־ק־ע

From the root ר־ק־ע ‎(r-k-').

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

רָקַע ‎(raká) ‎(pa'al construction)

  1. (transitive) To spread (something) out, to flatten (something).
    • Exodus 39:3, with translation of the King James Version:
      וַיְרַקְּעוּ אֶת־פַּחֵי הַזָּהָב וְקִצֵּץ פְּתִילִם לַעֲשׂוֹת בְּתוֹךְ הַתְּכֵלֶת וּבְתוֹךְ הָאַרְגָּמָן וּבְתוֹךְ תּוֹלַעַת הַשָּׁנִי וּבְתוֹךְ הַשֵּׁשׁ מַעֲשֵׂה חֹשֵׁב׃
      vay'rak'ú et-pakhéi hazaháv v'kitséts p'tilím la'asót b'tókh hat'khélet uv'tókh ha'argamán uv'tókh tolá'at hashaní uv'tókh hashésh ma'asé khoshév.
      And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut [it into] wires, to work [it] in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, [with] cunning work.
    • Numbers 16:39, with translation of the King James Version:
      וַיִּקַּח אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן אֵת מַחְתּוֹת הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר הִקְרִיבוּ הַשְּׂרֻפִים וַיְרַקְּעוּם צִפּוּי לַמִּזְבֵּחַ׃
      vayikákh el'azár hakohén et makhtót han'khóshet ashér hikrívu has'rufím vay'rak'úm tsipúi lamizbéakh.
      And Eleazar the priest took the brasen censers, wherewith they that were burnt had offered; and they were made broad [plates for] a covering of the altar:
    • 1973, Svika Pick, הרקדן האוטומטי ‎(The Automatic Dancer):
      הנה הוא שומע את המנגינה / מתחבר כמו אוטומט לזרם / בגופו רוקע על האדמה / הוא נמצא עכשיו בתוך הקצב
      There he hears the melody / connecting like an automatic / with his body [he] stamps on the ground / he is now within the rhythm

Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

רֶקַע ‎(rékam ‎(plural indefinite רְקָעִים, singular construct רֶקַע־, plural construct רִקְעֵי־) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. (literally) A background: the background of a picture (or the like).
  2. (figuratively) A background, an ambient environment.
    מוזיקת רקע‎ ― muzikát-rékabackground music
    עם מוזיקה ברקע‎ ― im múzika baréka ― with music in the background
    • 2005, אסף גברון (translator), Audrey Niffenegger (English author), “אשתו של הנוסע בזמן” (The Time Traveler’s Wife), Kinneret, Zmora-Bitan, Dvir (publishers), ISBN 625-1200057, page 398
      כשקנדריק מפסיק לדבר, פתאום נשמעים רעשי הרקע של הבניין.[1]
      k'shekéndrik mafsík l'dabér, pit'óm nishma'ím ra'ashéi-haréka shel habinyan.
      When Kendrick stops talking the background noises of the building are suddenly apparent.
  3. (figuratively) A background: a person's heritage, upbringing, and so on.
    הרקע הסוציו-אקונומי של המשפחה‎ ― haréka hasotsyo-ekonómi shél hamishpakhá ― the family's socioeconomic background
  4. (figuratively) A basis: an underlying situation or cause.
  5. (computing) A background, a desktop background.
    רקעים למחשב‎ ― r'ka'ím l'makhshév ― desktop backgrounds (literally backgrounds for a computer)
    רקעי מחשב‎ ― rik'éi-makhshév ― desktop backgrounds (literally computer backgrounds)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (background, ambient environment): As may be seen in the examples above, the noun רקע ‎(réka) very often functions either as an attributive modifier, or as the object of the preposition ב־ ‎(b'-, in). In this respect it is similar to English background.
  • (basis): Note that על רקע [] ‎(al réka, on/against a [] background) typically has a much stronger implication of causation than an English-speaker might expect.

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

רִקַּע ‎(riká) ‎(pi'el construction)

  1. Defective spelling of ריקע.

Pronunciation 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

רֻקַּע ‎(ruká) ‎(pi'el construction)

  1. Defective spelling of רוקע.

References[edit]

  1. ^ English from: Audrey Niffenegger, The Time Traveler’s Wife, Harcourt (2004), ISBN 978-0-15-602943-8, page 464.

Anagrams[edit]