שועל

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
שׁ־ע־ל

From Proto-Semitic *ṯaʿlab-. Cognate with Arabic ثَعْلَب(ṯaʿlab) and Aramaic תַּעְלָא(taʿlā). Compare Yemeni Arabic ثَعَلْ

Noun[edit]

שׁוּעָל (shuálm (plural indefinite שׁוּעָלִים‎, singular construct שׁוּעַל־, plural construct שׁוּעֲלֵי־‎)

  1. fox (Vulpes or any of the species in the tribe Vulpini)
    • Judges 15:4, with translation of Robert Alter:
      וַיֵּלֶךְ שִׁמְשׁוֹן וַיִּלְכֹּד שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שׁוּעָלִים וַיִּקַּח לַפִּדִים וַיֶּפֶן זָנָב אֶל זָנָב וַיָּשֶׂם לַפִּיד אֶחָד בֵּין שְׁנֵי הַזְּנָבוֹת בַּתָּוֶךְ
      And Samson went and caught three hundred foxes and took torches and turned tail to tail and put one torch between each two tails.