برزخ

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Parthian *bwrz-ʾxw (/burz-axw/, height, unsurmountable passage), from Parthian bwrz (/burz/, high) + ʾxw (/axw/, world).

Noun[edit]

بَرْزَخ (barzaḵm (plural بَرَازِخ(barāziḵ))

  1. separation, partition
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 55:20:
      بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌۭ لَّا يَبْغِيَانِ
      baynahumā barzaḵun lā yabġiyāni
      Between them is a barrier [so] neither of them transgresses.
  2. (Islam) barzakh
  3. (geography) isthmus

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Cheung, Johnny (2017) On the (Middle) Iranian borrowings in Qurʾānic (and pre-Islamic) Arabic[1], Leiden: Leiden University, pages 4–5
  • ابن منظور. «برزخ»، لسان العرب.

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic بَرْزَخ(barzaḵ), from Parthian *bwrz-ʾxw (/burz-axw/), from Parthian bwrz (/burz/, high) + ʾxw (/axw/, world).

Noun[edit]

برزخ (barzax)

  1. (Islam) barzakh
  2. limbo
  3. purgatory