ديس

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: دبسand دبش

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root د و س(d-w-s) or lengthened from د س س(d-s-s). because of their being trodden down. Or according to Dictionnaire du faisceau dialectal arabe andalou, an Old South Arabian variant of ثُدَّاء(ṯuddāʾ, desert papyrus (Cyperus conglomeratus)), hence due to Yemenite expatriates markedly occurring in Northwestern Arabic.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دِيس (dīsm (collective, singulative دِيسَة‎ f (dīsa), plural أَدْيَاس(ʾadyās))

  1. rush (Juncus gen. et spp.)
  2. bulrush, club-rush (Scirpus gen. et spp.)
  3. diss, rope grass (Ampelodesmos, which has only one relevant species Ampelodesmos mauritanicus syn. Ampelodesmos tenax)

Declension[edit]

Quotations[edit]

  • c. 1200, يحيى بن محمد بن أحمد بن العوام‎ [Yaḥyā ibn muḥammad ibn ʾaḥmad ibn al-ʿawwām], José Antonio Banqueri, editor, كتاب الفلاحة [Book on Agriculture], volume 1, Madrid: Imprenta Real, published 1802IA, Cap. 16, page 669 line 6:
    ويجمع التين إذا سقط في الأرض بعد تناهي نضجه ويفرش على رتم أو ديس يابس وييبس للشمس نعما
    And the figs are collected when having fallen to the ground after having finished ripening and are spread on sere retama or rush to dry in the sun towards a more pleasurable experience.
  • a. 1369, Ibn Ḵātima, “Un document nouveau sur l’arabe dialectal d’Occident au XIIe siècle = إيراد اللآل من إنشاد الضوال [ʾīrad l-laʾāl min ʾinšād aḍ-ḍawāl]”, in G. S. Colin, editor, Hespéris[1], volume 12, number 1, published 1931, page 12:
    ديس — لفظ عامّيّ والعرب يسمّيه الأَسَل وهو الذي تتّخذ منه الحُصُر
    Diss is a vulgar term for what the Arabs call rush, one from which one makes mats.

Descendants[edit]

  • English: diss
  • French: diss
  • German: Diss
  • Italian: disa

Further reading[edit]

  • Wikipedia-logo.svg ديس – Scirpus‎ on the Arabic Wikipedia.Wikipedia ar
  • Wikipedia-logo.svg ديس – Ampelodesmos‎ on the Arabic Wikipedia.Wikipedia ar
  • Corriente, Federico; Pereira, Christophe; Vicente, Angeles, editors (2017) Dictionnaire du faisceau dialectal arabe andalou. Perspectives phraséologiques et étymologiques (in French), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 491
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “ديس”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 481a
  • Freytag, Georg (1833) , “ديس”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 2, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 76a
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ديس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 352a
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985) , “ديس”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 422a

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ديس (dēsm (dual ديسين(dēsēn), plural ديوس(diyūs))

  1. breast, boob
    Synonym: صَدِر(ṣadir)