شهيد

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See also: شهیدand شہید

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the form I verb شَهِدَ(šahida, to witness, to bear witness), from the root ش ه د(š-h-d). Semantic evolution from "witness" to "martyr" is probably calqued from Ancient Greek μάρτυς (mártus).

Cognate with Hebrew שָׂהֵד(sahéd).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَهِيد (šahīdm (plural شُهَدَاء(šuhadāʾ), feminine شَهِيدَة(šahīda))

  1. witness
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 24:13:
      لَّوۡلَا جَاۤءُو عَلَیۡهِ بِأَرۡبَعَةِ شُهَدَاۤءَ ۚ فَإِذۡ لَمۡ یَأۡتُوا۟ بِٱلشُّهَدَاۤءِ فَأُو۟لَـٰۤىِٕكَ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ هُمُ ٱلۡكَـٰذِبُونَ
      lawlā jāʾū ʿalay-hi bi-ʾarbaʿati šuhadāʾa fa-ʾiḏ lam yaʾtū bi-š-šuhadāʾi fa-ʾūlāʾika ʿinda llāhi humu l-kāḏibūna
      Sahih International: And why did the accusers not bring four witnesses to it? If they cannot produce such witnesses, they are the liars in God’s eyes.
    Synonym: شَاهِد(šāhid)
  2. martyr
  3. anyone killed in action

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Azerbaijani: şəhid
  • English: shaheed
  • Indonesian: syahid
  • Kazakh: шаһид (şahïd), шейіт (şeyit)
  • Northern Kurdish: şehîd
  • Turkish: şehit

Adjective[edit]

شَهِيد (šahīd) (feminine شَهِيدَة(šahīda), masculine plural شُهَدَاء(šuhadāʾ), feminine plural شَهِيدَات(šahīdāt))

  1. witnessing [+ عَلَى(object)]

Declension[edit]