طقس

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See also: طفش

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Classical Syriac ܛܟܣܐ (ṭekkəsā), from Ancient Greek τάξις (táxis, arrangement). Apparently a late 19th century borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tˁaqs/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

طَقْس (ṭaqsm (plural طُقُوس (ṭuqūs))

  1. weather, climate, weather forecast (usually used for short period meteorological changes)
    • 2003, Muhammed Ibn al-Hassan al-Hajwi, الرحلة الأوروبية 1919 (al-riḥla al-ʾurubbiyya 1919) (Europe Trip 1919)
      وكل ذلك مرسوم بيد رسام إسبنيولي كان حاضراً معنا يرينا ذلك، والمقصود تمثيل الذوق الإسبنيولي في التصوير الملون الذي يطابق طقس أرضهم الصافية
      wa-kullu ḏālika marsūmun bi-yadi rassāmin ʾisbanyūliyyin kāna ḥāḍiran maʿanā yuriyanā ḏālika, wa-l-maqṣūdu tamṯīlu ḏ-ḏawqi l-ʾisbanyūliyyi fī t-taṣwīri l-mulawwani llaḏī yuṭābiqu ṭaqsa ʾarḍihimu ṣ-ṣāfiyyati
      All this was painted by a Spanish painter who was present with us to show us that. The aim was to illustrate the Spanish taste in painting in colour, which matches the climate of their serene land
  2. (usually in the plural) ritual, rite, religious practice
    • 1913, Priest Ishaq Armala, سياحة في طور عبدين (siyāḥti fī ṭūr ʿabdīn) (My Travels to Tur Abdin)
      وعندما يولد الولد يعمّدونه بعد ثمانية أيام أو أقل وفي ذلك يخالفون طقس أجدادهم الذين كانوا قضوا بالعماد في عيد الدنح وسبت النور فقط.‎
      wa-ʿindamā yūladu l-waladu yuʿammidūnahu baʿda ṯamāniyati ʾayyāmin ʾaw ʾaqalla wa-fī ḏālika yuḵālifūna ṭaqsa ʾajdādihimu llaḏīna kānū qaḍaw bil-ʿimādi fī ʿīdi d-dinḥi wa-sabti n-nūri faqaṭ.
      When a child is born they baptise it after eight days or less and in doing so they violate the practice of their ancestors, who used to only baptise on the Epiphany or on Easter Saturday.
  3. liturgy, church constitution
  4. order of the ministry, clerical rank (Christianity)
  5. (obsolete) order, organization

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Tamazight: ṭṭaqs (weather forecast)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “طقس”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN