عدو

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ع د و(ʿ-d-w).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَدُوّ (ʿaduwwm (plural أَعْدَاء(ʾaʿdāʾ) or عِدًى(ʿidan) or عُدًى(ʿudan) or أَعَادٍ(ʾaʿādin), feminine عَدُوّ (ʿaduww) or عَدُوَّة(ʿaduwwa))

  1. enemy; foe
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 43:67:
      الْأَخِلَّاءُ يَوْمَئِذٍ بَعْضُهُمْ لِبَعْضٍ عَدُوٌّ إِلَّا الْمُتَّقِينَ
      al-ʾaḵillāʾu yawmaʾiḏin baʿḍuhum li-baʿḍin ʿaduwwun ʾillā l-muttaqīna
      Close friends, that Day, will be enemies to each other, except for the righteous.
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 63:4:
      هُمُ ٱلْعَدُوُّ فَٱحْذَرْهُمْ
      humu l-ʿaduwwu faḥḏarhum
      They are the enemy, so beware of them.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Maltese: għadu
  • Persian: عَدو('adu)
  • Swahili: adui
  • Somali: cadow
  • Tajik: аду (adu)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “عدو”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَدُوّ(ʿaduww).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عدو (ʕduwwm (plural عديان(ʕadyān), feminine عدوة(ʕduwwa))

  1. enemy; foe