كافر

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See also: کافر

Arabic[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Active participle of the verb كَفَرَ(kafara, to disbelieve; to cover; to conceal) from the root ك ف ر(k-f-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

كَافِر (kāfir) (masculine plural كَافِرُونَ(kāfirūna) or كُفَّار(kuffār) or كَفَرة(kafara), feminine plural كَافِرَات(kāfirāt) or كَوَافِر(kawāfir))

  1. active participle of كَفَرَ(kafara)
  2. (obsolete) farmer
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 57:20:
      كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَاهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَامًا
      kamaṯali ḡayṯin ʾaʿjaba l-kuffāra nabātuhu ṯumma yahīju fatarāhu muṣfarran ṯumma yakūnu ḥuṭāman
      Like the example of a rain whose [resulting] plant growth pleases the farmers; then it dries and you see it turned yellow; then it becomes [scattered] debris
  3. disbeliever, unbeliever
  4. (Islam, religious slur) disbeliever, infidel
  5. ingrate, ungrateful
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 26:18:
      قَالَ أَلَمْ نُرَبِّكَ فِينَا وَلِيدًا وَلَبِثْتَ فِينَا مِنْ عُمُرِكَ سِنِينَ (18) وَفَعَلْتَ فَعْلَتَكَ الَّتِي فَعَلْتَ وَأَنتَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ (19)‎‎
      (18) He said “Did we not rear thee among us as a child? And thou didst dwell many years of thy life among us, (19) and thou didst that thy deed which thou didst, and thou wast one of the ingrates.”
      Translated by Marmaduke Pickthall

Declension[edit]

Hypernyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “كفر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN