كافر

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See also: کافر

Arabic[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Active participle of the verb كَفَرَ(kafara, to disbelieve; to cover; to conceal) from the root ك ف ر(k-f-r).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

كَافِر (kāfir) (masculine plural كُفَّار(kuffār) or كافِرُون(kāfirūn) or كَفَرة(kafara))

  1. active participle of كَفَرَ(kafara)
  2. (obsolete) farmer
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 57:20:
      كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَرَاهُ مُصْفَرًّا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطَامًا
      kamaṯali ḡayṯin ʾaʿjaba l-kuffāra nabātuhu ṯumma yahīju fatarāhu muṣfarran ṯumma yakūnu ḥuṭāman
      Like the example of a rain whose [resulting] plant growth pleases the farmers; then it dries and you see it turned yellow; then it becomes [scattered] debris
  3. disbeliever; unbeliever
  4. ungrateful
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 26:18:
      قَالَ أَلَمْ نُرَبِّكَ فِينَا وَلِيدًا وَلَبِثْتَ فِينَا مِنْ عُمُرِكَ سِنِينَ (18) وَفَعَلْتَ فَعْلَتَكَ الَّتِي فَعَلْتَ وَأَنتَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ (19)‎‎
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Hypernyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “كفر”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN