cafard

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French cafard.

Noun[edit]

cafard (plural cafards)

  1. Depression; melancholy.
    • 1918, Elizabeth Frazer, Old glory and Verdun (page 169)
    • That's the worst trouble with the soldiers in the trenches — nothing to do. It gives them the cafards, the black butterflies, the blue devils, the jimjams, the hump.
    • 1957, Lawrence Durrell, Justine:
      At such times when the cafard of the city seized her, I was at my wits' end to devise a means of rousing her.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Francized form of Arabic كافِر (kāfir, unbeliever).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ka.faʁ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʁ

Noun[edit]

cafard m (plural cafards)

  1. hypocrite
    Synonyms: bigot, hypocrite
  2. (by extension) tattletale, informant, rat
  3. (entomology) cockroach
    Synonyms: blatte, cancrelat, coquerelle (Quebec)
  4. (familiar) depression, melancholy
    Synonyms: mélancolie, spleen

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]