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Classical Syriac[edit]


Compare Arabic رَفْش (rafš).


  • IPA(key): [rafʃɑ(ʔ)] (singular)
  • IPA(key): [rafʃe(ʔ)] (plural)


ܪܦܫܐ (rap̄šāʾm (plural ܪܦܫܐ)

  1. winnowing fan, winnowing basket
  2. shovel, spade
  3. (anatomy) humerus, scapula, shoulder blade; shoulder

Usage notes[edit]

This word is masculine, despite the tendency in Semitic languages for body parts that come in pairs to be feminine.




  • rp$”, in The Comprehensive Aramaic Lexicon Project, Cincinnati: Hebrew Union College, 1986–, retrieved 2011-06-08
  • Costaz, Louis (2002) Dictionnaire syriaque-français : Syriac–English Dictionary, 3rd edition, Beirut: Dar El-Machreq, p. 352a
  • Payne Smith, Jessie (1903) A Compendious Syriac Dictionary Founded Upon the Thesaurus Syriacus of R. Payne Smith, D.D., Oxford: Clarendon Press, p. 548a
  • Sokoloff, Michael (2009) A Syriac Lexicon: A Translation from the Latin, Correction, Expansion, and Update of C. Brockelmann's Lexicon Syriacum, Winona Lake, Indiana; Piscataway, New Jersey: Eisenbrauns; Gorgias Press, p. 1486a