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From Proto-Indo-Iranian *(H)utá, from *(H)u, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂u. Cognate with Younger Avestan 𐬎𐬙𐬀(uta), Parthian [script needed] ('wd), Old Persian 𐎢𐎫𐎠 (u-t-a).

Mayrhofer and others suggested a further connection with Ancient Greek αὖτε (aûte, again), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂u-te.[1] This connection has been disputed by later scholars due to the difference in usage, but a direct PIE ancestor is still possible; Celtiberian [Term?] (uta) serves an identical function, and on this basis Klein reconstructs Proto-Indo-European *utá.[2]



उत (utá)[3]

  1. and, also


  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992–2001) , “utá”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 212
  2. ^ Klein, Jared S. (1992) , “Some Indo-European Systems of Conjunction: Rigveda, Old Persian, Homer”, in Harvard Studies in Classical Philology, volume 94, DOI:10.2307/311418, pages 1–51
  3. ^ Monier Williams (1899) , “उत”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 175.