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Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit गो ().


गो (gom

  1. a cow; an ox


Etymology 2[edit]

From English go, from the Japanese character (go), shorthand for Japanese 囲碁 (igo), adopted from the Chinese character 圍棋.

Proper noun[edit]

गो (gom

  1. (board games) Go



From Proto-Indo-Aryan *gā́wṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *gā́wš, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws. Cognate with Avestan 𐬔𐬀𐬊(gao), Persian گاو(gāv), Ancient Greek βοῦς (boûs), Latin bōs, Serbo-Croatian govedo, Old Armenian կով (kov), Old English (whence English cow).



गो (m or f (Vedic gáu)

  1. a cow
  2. an ox
  3. (in the plural) cattle, kine, herd of cattle
  4. anything coming from or belonging to an ox or cow, milk (generally pl.), flesh, skin, hide, leather, strap of leather, bow-string, sinew
  5. (in the plural) "the herds of the sky", the stars
  6. (in the plural) rays of light
  7. the sign Taurus
  8. the sun
  9. the moon
  10. a kind of medicinal plant
  11. a singer, praiser
  12. "a goer", horse
  13. the sun's ray called Sushumṇa
  14. water BhP.
  15. an organ of sense BhP.
  16. the eye
  17. a billion
  18. the sky
  19. the thunderbolt
  20. the hairs of the body
  21. an offering in the shape of a cow
  22. a region of the sky
  23. the earth (as the milk-cow of kings)
  24. (hence) the number 'nine'
  25. speech, Sarasvatī (goddess of speech)
  26. voice, note


Masculine and feminine irregular declension of गो
Nom. sg. गौः (gauḥ)
Gen. sg. गोः (goḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative गौः (gauḥ) गावौ (gāvau) गावः (gāvaḥ)
Vocative गौः (gauḥ) गावौ (gāvau) गावः (gāvaḥ)
Accusative गाम् (gām) गावौ (gāvau) गाः (gāḥ)
Instrumental गवा (gavā) गोभ्याम् (gobhyām) गोभिः (gobhiḥ)
Dative गवे (gave) गोभ्याम् (gobhyām) गोभ्यः (gobhyaḥ)
Ablative गोः (goḥ) गोभ्याम् (gobhyām) गोभ्यः (gobhyaḥ)
Genitive गोः (goḥ) गवोः (gavoḥ) गवाम् (gavām)
Locative गवि (gavi) गवोः (gavoḥ) गोषु (goṣu)

Derived terms[edit]



  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 363