चक्षु

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit चक्षु (cakṣu).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /t͡ʃək.ʂuː/, [t͡ʃək.ʃuː]

Noun[edit]

चक्षु (cakṣum (Urdu spelling ݘکشو‎)

  1. eye
    Synonyms: आँख (ā̃kh), नेत्र (netra)

Declension[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *čákšuš (eye), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷé-kʷḱ-u-s, from *kʷeḱ- (to see, look). Cognate with Persian چشم(čašm, eye).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

चक्षु (cákṣum

  1. the eye
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.90.13:
      चन्द्रमा मनसो जातश्चक्षोः सूर्यो अजायत ।
      मुखादिन्द्रश्चाग्निश्च प्राणाद्वायुरजायत ॥
      candramā manaso jātaścakṣoḥ sūryo ajāyata .
      mukhādindraścāgniśca prāṇādvāyurajāyata .
      The Moon was gendered from his mind, and from his eye the Sun was born;
      Indra and Agni from his mouth were born, and Vāyu from his breath.
  2. name of a prince
  3. the Oxus river. (for वक्षु (vakṣú))

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of चक्षु (cákṣu)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चक्षुः
cákṣuḥ
चक्षू
cákṣū
चक्षवः
cákṣavaḥ
Vocative चक्षो
cákṣo
चक्षू
cákṣū
चक्षवः
cákṣavaḥ
Accusative चक्षुम्
cákṣum
चक्षू
cákṣū
चक्षून्
cákṣūn
Instrumental चक्षुणा / चक्ष्वा¹
cákṣuṇā / cákṣvā¹
चक्षुभ्याम्
cákṣubhyām
चक्षुभिः
cákṣubhiḥ
Dative चक्षवे / चक्ष्वे²
cákṣave / cákṣve²
चक्षुभ्याम्
cákṣubhyām
चक्षुभ्यः
cákṣubhyaḥ
Ablative चक्षोः / चक्ष्वः²
cákṣoḥ / cákṣvaḥ²
चक्षुभ्याम्
cákṣubhyām
चक्षुभ्यः
cákṣubhyaḥ
Genitive चक्षोः / चक्ष्वः²
cákṣoḥ / cákṣvaḥ²
चक्ष्वोः
cákṣvoḥ
चक्षूणाम्
cákṣūṇām
Locative चक्षौ
cákṣau
चक्ष्वोः
cákṣvoḥ
चक्षुषु
cákṣuṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]