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Etymology 1[edit]

From चित् (cít, thought, intellect, spirit, soul) or चिति (cití, understanding; the thinking mind).


चैत्य (caityam

  1. the individual soul (BhP. III, 26; 28, 28; 31, 19; Sarvad. II, 198f.)
Masculine a-stem declension of चैत्य
Nom. sg. चैत्यः (caityaḥ)
Gen. sg. चैत्यस्य (caityasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative चैत्यः (caityaḥ) चैत्यौ (caityau) चैत्याः (caityāḥ)
Vocative चैत्य (caitya) चैत्यौ (caityau) चैत्याः (caityāḥ)
Accusative चैत्यम् (caityam) चैत्यौ (caityau) चैत्यान् (caityān)
Instrumental चैत्येन (caityena) चैत्याभ्याम् (caityābhyām) चैत्यैः (caityaiḥ)
Dative चैत्याय (caityāya) चैत्याभ्याम् (caityābhyām) चैत्येभ्यः (caityebhyaḥ)
Ablative चैत्यात् (caityāt) चैत्याभ्याम् (caityābhyām) चैत्येभ्यः (caityebhyaḥ)
Genitive चैत्यस्य (caityasya) चैत्ययोः (caityayoḥ) चैत्यानाम् (caityānām)
Locative चैत्ये (caitye) चैत्ययोः (caityayoḥ) चैत्येषु (caityeṣu)

Etymology 2[edit]


चैत्य (caityam

  1. (also n) a funeral monument or स्तूप​ (stūpa) or pyramidal column containing the ashes of deceased persons, sacred tree (especially a religious fig-tree) growing on a mound, hall or temple or place of worship (especially in Buddhism and Jainism and generally containing a monument), a sanctuary near a village (ĀśvGṛ. I, 12, Parāś., MBh. etc.)
  2. a Jain or Buddhist image (L.)
  3. = च्ऐत्यक​ (caityaka)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0402