जरा

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit जरा (jarā), from the root जॄ (jṝ), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /d͡ʒə.ɾɑː/, [d͡ʒɐ.ɾäː]

Noun[edit]

जरा (jarāf

  1. infirmity
  2. senility
  3. decrepitude
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /zə.ɾɑː/, [zɐ.ɾäː], /d͡ʒə.ɾɑː/, [d͡ʒɐ.ɾäː]

Determiner[edit]

जरा (jarā)

  1. nuqtaless form of ज़रा (zarā)

Adverb[edit]

जरा (jarā)

  1. nuqtaless form of ज़रा (zarā)

References[edit]

Nepali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जरा (jarā)

  1. root (of plants, nails, teeth)
  2. source, main cause

References[edit]

  • जरा”, in नेपाली बृहत् शब्दकोश (nepālī br̥hat śabdakoś)[1], Kathmandu: Nepal Academy, 2018
  • Schmidt, Ruth L. (1993) “जरा”, in A Practical Dictionary of Modern Nepali, Ratna Sagar

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

जरा

  1. Devanagari script form of jarā, ablative singular masculine/neuter and nominative/vocative plural masculine of जर (jara, old)
  2. Devanagari script form of jarā, nominative singular feminine and nominative/vocative/accusative plural feminine of जर (jara, old)

Noun[edit]

जरा f

  1. Devanagari script form of jarā (old age)

Declension[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵerh₂-. Cognate with Ancient Greek γῆρας (gêras, old age).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

जरा (jarā) stemf (root जॄ)

  1. old age

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of जरा (jarā)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative जरा
jarā
जरे
jare
जराः
jarāḥ
Vocative जरे
jare
जरे
jare
जराः
jarāḥ
Accusative जराम्
jarām
जरे
jare
जराः
jarāḥ
Instrumental जरया / जरा¹
jarayā / jarā¹
जराभ्याम्
jarābhyām
जराभिः
jarābhiḥ
Dative जरायै
jarāyai
जराभ्याम्
jarābhyām
जराभ्यः
jarābhyaḥ
Ablative जरायाः / जरायै²
jarāyāḥ / jarāyai²
जराभ्याम्
jarābhyām
जराभ्यः
jarābhyaḥ
Genitive जरायाः / जरायै²
jarāyāḥ / jarāyai²
जरयोः
jarayoḥ
जराणाम्
jarāṇām
Locative जरायाम्
jarāyām
जरयोः
jarayoḥ
जरासु
jarāsu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Brāhmaṇas

Further reading[edit]

  • Hellwig, Oliver (2010-2024) “jarā”, in DCS - The Digital Corpus of Sanskrit, Berlin, Germany.