तन्त्र

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *tántram, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *tántram, from Proto-Indo-European *téntlom, from *ten- (to stretch, extend). Cognate with Persian تار‎(târ), Latvian tìkls.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

तन्त्र (tántran

  1. a loom.
  2. the warp.
  3. the leading or principal or essential part, main point, characteristic feature, model, type, system, framework.
  4. doctrine, rule, theory, scientific work, chapter of such a work.
  5. a class of works teaching magical and mystical formularies (mostly in the form of dialogues between शिव and दुर्गा and said to treat of 5 subjects, 1. the creation, 2. the destruction of the world, 3. the worship of the gods, 4. the attainment of all objects, especially of 6 superhuman faculties, 5. the 4 modes of union with the supreme spirit by meditation.
  6. a spell.
  7. oath or ordeal.
  8. N. of a सामन् (also called ‘ that of विरूप ’).
  9. an army.
  10. a row, number, series, troop.
  11. a means which leads to two or more results, contrivance.
  12. a drug (esp. one of specific faculties).
  13. wealth.
  14. a house.
  15. happiness.

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of तन्त्र (tántra)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative तन्त्रम्
tántram
तन्त्रे
tántre
तन्त्राणि / तन्त्रा¹
tántrāṇi / tántrā¹
Vocative तन्त्र
tántra
तन्त्रे
tántre
तन्त्राणि / तन्त्रा¹
tántrāṇi / tántrā¹
Accusative तन्त्रम्
tántram
तन्त्रे
tántre
तन्त्राणि / तन्त्रा¹
tántrāṇi / tántrā¹
Instrumental तन्त्रेण
tántreṇa
तन्त्राभ्याम्
tántrābhyām
तन्त्रैः / तन्त्रेभिः¹
tántraiḥ / tántrebhiḥ¹
Dative तन्त्राय
tántrāya
तन्त्राभ्याम्
tántrābhyām
तन्त्रेभ्यः
tántrebhyaḥ
Ablative तन्त्रात्
tántrāt
तन्त्राभ्याम्
tántrābhyām
तन्त्रेभ्यः
tántrebhyaḥ
Genitive तन्त्रस्य
tántrasya
तन्त्रयोः
tántrayoḥ
तन्त्राणाम्
tántrāṇām
Locative तन्त्रे
tántre
तन्त्रयोः
tántrayoḥ
तन्त्रेषु
tántreṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic


Borrowed terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Monier William's Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 2 nd Ed. 1899