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Akin to Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬈𐬱- (duuaeš-, to hate), Middle Persian byš (bēš, pain, misfortune), Ancient Greek δεινός (deinós, terrible), δείδω (deídō, I fear) and δέος (déos, fear), Latin dīrus (fearful), Old Armenian երկնչիմ (erknčʿim, to fear). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dwey-.


द्वेष्टि (dvéṣṭi) (root √dviṣ, class-2 P., Ā.)

  1. to hate, show hatred against (+ accusative; rarely dative or genitive), to be hostile or unfriendly (RV., AV., ŚBr., Mn., MBh., Kāv. etc.)
  2. to be a rival or a match for (Kāvya7d. II, 61)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0506