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From Proto-Indo-Aryan *dwáyṣṭi, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dwáyšti, from Proto-Indo-European *dwey- (to fear). Cognate with Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬈𐬱- (duuaeš-, to hate), Middle Persian byš (bēš, pain, misfortune), Ancient Greek δεινός (deinós, terrible), δείδω (deídō, I fear), δέος (déos, fear), Latin dīrus (fearful), Old Armenian երկնչիմ (erknčʿim, to fear).


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d̪ʋɐ́jʂ.ʈi/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd̪ʋeːʂ.ʈi/
  • Verb[edit]

    द्वेष्टि (dvéṣṭi) (root √dviṣ, class-2 P., Ā.)

    1. to hate, show hatred against (+ accusative; rarely dative or genitive), to be hostile or unfriendly (RV., AV., ŚBr., Mn., MBh., Kāv. etc.)
    2. to be a rival or a match for (Kāvya7d. II, 61)


    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0506