धन

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धन (dhána).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /d̪ʱən/, [d̪ʱə̃n̪]

Noun[edit]

धन (dhanm (Urdu spelling دھن‎)

  1. money
    Synonym: पैसा (paisā)
  2. wealth, riches
    उसने सारा धन पुत्रों में बाँट दिया।
    usne sārā dhan putrõ mẽ bā̃ṭ diyā.
    He divided all his wealth among his sons.
    Synonym: दौलत (daulat)
  3. natural resources
  4. (mathematics) plus sign
  5. (chemistry, in compounds) positive charge
    Synonym: धनावेश (dhanāveś) (independently)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884), “धन”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & Co.

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The term has been derived from the root धन् (dhan, to run, move quickly). In a literal sense, it refers to a running race, but came to mean any contest or strife as a result of semantic generalization. By further extension, it connotes anything that is contested or striven for, viz. prize, booty, wealth, treasure.[1] The root धन् (dhan) is from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰanH-,[2] from Proto-Indo-European *dʰenh₂- (to run, flow).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धन (dhánan

  1. the prize of a contest; booty
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.84.7:
      संसृष्टं धनम्उभयं समाकृतमस्मभ्यं दत्तां वरुणश्च मन्युः।
      भियं दधाना हृदयेषु शत्रवः पराजितासो अप नि लयन्ताम्॥
      saṃsṛṣṭaṃ dhanamubhayaṃ samākṛtamasmabhyaṃ dattāṃ varuṇaśca manyuḥ.
      bhiyaṃ dadhānā hṛdayeṣu śatravaḥ parājitāso apa ni layantām.
      For spoil let Varuṇa and Manyu give us the wealth of both sides gathered and collected;
      And let our enemies with stricken spirits, o’erwhelmed with terror, slink away defeated.
    1. any valued object, (especially) wealth, riches, money, treasure, gift
  2. contest, strife
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 8.5.26:
      यथोत कृत्व्ये धनेऽंशुं गोष्वगस्त्यम्।
      yathota kṛtvye dhane’ṃśuṃ goṣvagastyam.
      (As ye protected) Amśu in decisive fight, and Agastya in the fray for kine.
    1. (literally) a running match, race; or the thing raced for
  3. (arithmetic) the affirmative quantity or plus

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of धन (dhána)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative धनम्
dhánam
धने
dháne
धनानि / धना¹
dhánāni / dhánā¹
Vocative धन
dhána
धने
dháne
धनानि / धना¹
dhánāni / dhánā¹
Accusative धनम्
dhánam
धने
dháne
धनानि / धना¹
dhánāni / dhánā¹
Instrumental धनेन
dhánena
धनाभ्याम्
dhánābhyām
धनैः / धनेभिः¹
dhánaiḥ / dhánebhiḥ¹
Dative धनाय
dhánāya
धनाभ्याम्
dhánābhyām
धनेभ्यः
dhánebhyaḥ
Ablative धनात्
dhánāt
धनाभ्याम्
dhánābhyām
धनेभ्यः
dhánebhyaḥ
Genitive धनस्य
dhánasya
धनयोः
dhánayoḥ
धनानाम्
dhánānām
Locative धने
dháne
धनयोः
dhánayoḥ
धनेषु
dháneṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

  • Hindi: धन (dhan)
  • Bengali: ধন (dhon)
  • Maharastri Prakrit: 𑀥𑀡 (dhaṇa)
  • Malay: dana
  • Pali: dhana

References[edit]

  1. ^ Monier Williams (1899), “धन”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 508, column 2.
  2. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “dhani”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  3. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “DHAN¹”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 772