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From Proto-Indo-European *sokʷH- (friend, companion), from *sekʷ- (follow). Cognate with Latin socius (partner, companion), Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬑𐬌 (haxi, friend), Old English secg.


सखि (sákhim

  1. a friend, companion
    Synonyms: मित्र (mitra)
  2. assistant
  3. the husband of the wife's sister, brother-in-law

Usage notes[edit]

This noun has for the five strong cases a peculiarly strengthened base (vrddhied), namely sákhāy, which in the nominative singular is reduced to sákhā (without ending), and in the other cases takes the normal endings. The instrumental and dative singular have the normal endings simply, without inserted n or guṇa; the ablative-genitive singular adds -us; and the locative singular adds -au: the rest exhibits normal endings of the paradigm.


Irregular masculine i-stem declension
Nom. sg. सखा (sakhā)
Gen. sg. सख्युः (sakhyuḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सखा (sakhā) सखायौ (sakhāyau) सखयः (sakhayaḥ)
Vocative सखे (sakhe) सखायौ (sakhāyau) सखयः (sakhayaḥ)
Accusative सखायम् (sakhāyam) सखायौ (sakhāyau) सखीन् (sakhīn)
Instrumental सख्या (sakhyā) सखिभ्याम् (sakhibhyām) सखिभिः (sakhibhiḥ)
Dative सख्ये (sakhye) सखिभ्याम् (sakhibhyām) सखिभ्यः (sakhibhyaḥ)
Ablative सख्युः (sakhyuḥ) सखिभ्याम् (sakhibhyām) सखिभ्यः (sakhibhyaḥ)
Genitive सख्युः (sakhyuḥ) सख्योः (sakhyoḥ) सखीनाम् (sakhīnām)
Locative सख्यौ (sakhyau) सख्योः (sakhyoḥ) सखिषु (sakhiṣu)


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1130