सखि

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *sákʰā, from Proto-Indo-European *sokʷH- (friend, companion), from *sekʷ- (follow). Cognate with Latin socius (partner, companion), Avestan 𐬵𐬀𐬑𐬌(haxi, friend), Old English secg.

Noun[edit]

सखि (sákhim

  1. a friend, companion
    Synonym: मित्र (mitra)
  2. assistant
  3. the husband of the wife's sister, brother-in-law

Usage notes[edit]

This noun has for the five strong cases a peculiarly strengthened base (vrddhied), namely sákhāy, which in the nominative singular is reduced to sákhā (without ending), and in the other cases takes the normal endings; this declensional paradigm is considered to most faithfully preserve the original declension of PIE *oi-stems. The instrumental and dative singular have the normal endings simply, without inserted n or guṇa; the ablative-genitive singular adds -us; and the locative singular adds -au: the rest exhibits normal endings of the paradigm.

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of सखि (sákhi)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative सखा
sákhā
सखायौ
sákhāyau
सखायः
sákhāyaḥ
Vocative सखे
sákhe
सखायौ
sákhāyau
सखायः
sákhāyaḥ
Accusative सखायम्
sákhāyam
सखायौ
sákhāyau
सखीन्
sákhīn
Instrumental सख्या
sákhyā
सखिभ्याम्
sákhibhyām
सखिभिः
sákhibhiḥ
Dative सख्ये
sákhye
सखिभ्याम्
sákhibhyām
सखिभ्यः
sákhibhyaḥ
Ablative सख्युः
sákhyuḥ
सखिभ्याम्
sákhibhyām
सखिभ्यः
sákhibhyaḥ
Genitive सख्युः
sákhyuḥ
सख्योः
sákhyoḥ
सखीनाम्
sákhīnām
Locative सख्यौ
sákhyau
सख्योः
sákhyoḥ
सखिषु
sákhiṣu

References[edit]