აბედი

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Georgian[edit]

აბედი

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Mingrelian ობედი (obedi), Svan ჰაბედ (habed), ჰობედ (hobed), აბედ (abed) on the one hand and with Old Armenian աբեթ (abetʿ), Middle Armenian աբեդ (abed) on the other. The direction of borrowing is uncertain.

Marr considers the Armenian to be borrowed from Georgian, deriving the Kartvelian forms from a root meaning “to burn”[1]; compare Svan ლი-ბიდ (li-bid), მჷ-ბიდ (mə-bid, combustible), ლი-ბდინ-ე (li-bdin-e, to set on fire). Klimov reconstructs Proto-Kartvelian *bdw- (to burn) for these.[2] J̌ahukyan accepts the Georgian borrowing of Armenian.[3]

Ačaṙyan is skeptical and allows for the possibility that the borrowing was actually in the opposite direction, from Armenian into Kartvelian, but he does not give an etymology for the Armenian word.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɑbɛdɪ]
  • Hyphenation: ა‧ბე‧დი

Noun[edit]

აბედი (abedi) (plural აბედები)

  1. tinder, touchwood; amadou
    აბედის სოკოabedis soko ― tinder fungus (Fomes fomentarius/ignarius)
  2. canker

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • აბედი” in Donald Rayfield (2006), A Comprehensive Georgian–English Dictionary, London: Garnett Press
  1. ^ Nikolaj Jakovlevič Marr (1918), Jafetičeskije elementy v jazykax Armenii. X [Japhethic Elements in the Languages of Armenia. X]. In: Izvěstija Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk, VI series, 12:6 (1918), 317–348, page 339
  2. ^ Georgij A. Klimov (1998), Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages, New York, Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, page 10
  3. ^ աբեթ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 19
  4. ^ աբեթ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, page 74a