აბედი

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Georgian[edit]

აბედი

Etymology[edit]

Connected with Mingrelian ობედი (obedi), Svan ჰაბედ (habed), ჰობედ (hobed), აბედ (abed) on the one hand and with Old Armenian աբեթ (abetʿ), Middle Armenian աբեդ (abed) on the other. The direction of borrowing is uncertain.

Marr considers the Armenian to be borrowed from Georgian, deriving the Kartvelian forms from a root meaning “to burn”[1]; compare Svan ლი-ბიდ (li-bid), მჷ-ბიდ (mə-bid, combustible), ლი-ბდინ-ე (li-bdin-e, to set on fire). Starostin and Klimov reconstruct Proto-Kartvelian *abed- (tinder) and *bdw- (to burn) respectively.[2][3] J̌ahukyan accepts the Georgian borrowing of Armenian.[4]

Ačaṙyan is skeptical and allows for the possibility that the borrowing was actually in the opposite direction, from Armenian into Kartvelian, but he does not give an etymology for the Armenian word.[5]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɑbɛdɪ]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ა‧ბე‧დი

Noun[edit]

აბედი (abedi) (plural აბედები)

  1. tinder, touchwood; amadou
    აბედის სოკოabedis soḳotinder fungus (Fomes fomentarius/ignarius)
  2. canker

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Rayfield, Donald, editor (2006), “აბედი”, in A Comprehensive Georgian–English Dictionary, London: Garnett Press
  1. ^ Marr, N. Ja. (1918), “Jafetičeskije elementy v jazykax Armenii. X [Japhethic Elements in the Languages of Armenia. X]”, in Izvěstija Rossijskoj Akademii Nauk. VI serija[1] (in Russian), volume 12, issue 6, page 339
  2. ^ Klimov, Georgij A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 10
  3. ^ Starostin, S. A. (2005), “*abed-”, in Kartvelian etymological database compiled on the basis of G. Klimov's and Fähnrich-Sarjveladze's etymological dictionaries of Kartvelian languages
  4. ^ J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “աբեթ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 19
  5. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “աբեթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 74a