პილენძი

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Old Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Georgian-Zan *ṗilenʒ₁- ‎(copper)[1][2]. Further origin is uncertain. Klimov derives from Proto-Indo-European *(s)plēnd- ‎(to shine) and lists Mingrelian ლინჯი ‎(linǯi), Old Armenian պղինձ ‎(płinj) and Arabic *piliz ‎(metal) as cognates[1], but this is rejected by Starostin, who derives the lexeme from a Semitic source[2].

According to Ačaṙean from Old Armenian պղինձ ‎(płinj, copper)[3], but this is denied by Klimov, stressing phonetic agreement between the cognates[1].

According to Nicholas Marr and Ivane Javakhishvili from earlier *სპირენძ ‎(*sṗirenʒ), meaning “an ore of სპერი ‎(sṗeri)” (modern İspir)[4].

Svan სპილენძ ‎(sṗilenʒ) (and its forms) is a later Georgian-Zan acquisition[1].

Noun[edit]

პილენძი ‎(ṗilenʒi)

  1. copper

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Georgij A. Klimov (1998), Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages, New York, Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, page 150
  2. 2.0 2.1 "*ṗilenʒ-" in the online database of Sergei Starostin's works
  3. ^ պղինձ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], page 89b
  4. ^ Dzidziguri, Shota (1988). "Life of the Word", Tbilisi: Tbilisi State University Publishing, p. 166