პილენძი

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Old Georgian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Georgian-Zan *ṗilenʒ₁-(copper)[1][2]. Further origin is uncertain. Klimov derives from Proto-Indo-European *(s)plēnd-(to shine) and lists Mingrelian ლინჯი(linǯi), Old Armenian պղինձ(płinj) and Arabic *piliz(metal) as cognates[1], but this is rejected by Starostin, who derives the lexeme from a Semitic source[2].

According to Ačaṙean from Old Armenian պղինձ(płinj, copper)[3], but this is denied by Klimov, stressing phonetic agreement between the cognates[1].

According to Nicholas Marr and Ivane Javakhishvili from earlier *სპირენძ(*sṗirenʒ), meaning “an ore of სპერი(sṗeri)” (modern İspir)[4].

Svan სპილენძ(sṗilenʒ) (and its forms) is a later Georgian-Zan acquisition[1].

Noun[edit]

პილენძი (ṗilenʒi)

  1. copper

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Klimov, Georgij A. (1998) Etymological Dictionary of the Kartvelian Languages (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 16), New York, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, page 150
  2. 2.0 2.1 Starostin, S. A. (2005), “*ṗilenʒ-”, in Kartvelian etymological database compiled on the basis of G. Klimov's and Fähnrich-Sarjveladze's etymological dictionaries of Kartvelian languages
  3. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “պղինձ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 89b
  4. ^ Dzidziguri, Shota (1988). "Life of the Word", Tbilisi: Tbilisi State University Publishing, p. 166