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From Proto-Indo-European *splnd-eh₁- ‎(to be manifest). Cognate with Old Irish sluindid ‎(to express, declare).



splendeō ‎(present infinitive splendēre, perfect active splenduī); second conjugation, no passive

  1. I shine, glitter, gleam, glisten; I am bright.
  2. (figuratively) I am bright, distinguished or illustrious.


   Conjugation of splendeo (second conjugation, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present splendeō splendēs splendet splendēmus splendētis splendent
imperfect splendēbam splendēbās splendēbat splendēbāmus splendēbātis splendēbant
future splendēbō splendēbis splendēbit splendēbimus splendēbitis splendēbunt
perfect splenduī splenduistī splenduit splenduimus splenduistis splenduērunt, splenduēre
pluperfect splendueram splenduerās splenduerat splenduerāmus splenduerātis splenduerant
future perfect splenduerō splendueris splenduerit splenduerimus splendueritis splenduerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present splendeam splendeās splendeat splendeāmus splendeātis splendeant
imperfect splendērem splendērēs splendēret splendērēmus splendērētis splendērent
perfect splenduerim splenduerīs splenduerit splenduerīmus splenduerītis splenduerint
pluperfect splenduissem splenduissēs splenduisset splenduissēmus splenduissētis splenduissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present splendē splendēte
future splendētō splendētō splendētōte splendentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives splendēre splenduisse
participles splendēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
splendēre splendendī splendendō splendendum

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]



  • splendeo” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers