ḥwt kꜣ ptḥ

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Egyptian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ḥwt (enclosure) +‎ kꜣ (ka) +‎ ptḥ (Ptah) with direct genitive constructions, thus literally ‘house of the ka of Ptah’.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Hwt t
O1
kA
Z1
p
t
H A40

 f

  1. The temple of the ka of Ptah in Memphis, Egypt
    • c. 725 BCE, Victory Stela of Piye (Cairo JE 48862), line 97:
      d
      r
      p W16 DA DA nw
      t
      M22 A40
      Z2
      p
      t
      H Hwt t
      pr
      kA niwt
      drp ḏꜣḏꜣt ḥwt-kꜣ-ptḥ
      presenting an offering to the assembly (of gods) of the temple of Ptah
  2. (metonymically) Memphis, Egypt
    • c. 1351–1340 BCE, offering-list of Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten, lines 1–2:
      [[ G9 Axt
      Axt
      H a
      y
      Y1
      im
      Axt
      im r
      n
      f
      im
      Sw w ra
      n
      t y
      ]] m [[ i ]] T
      n
      ra
      [[ Hr ]] Z1 n
      A
      n R1 t
      Z2ss
      ra
      A40 SA m a
      Y1
      [[ p
      t
      H ]] Hwt t
      pr
      kA Z1
      niwt
      nfr f
      r
      i i
      t
      Y1
      r
      zmA A Y1
      n
      bH D&t niwt
      [rꜥ-ḥr-ꜣḫtj-ḥꜥ-m-ꜣḫt-m-rn.f-m-šw-ntj]-m-[j]ṯn [ḥr] nꜣ n(j) ḫꜣwt rꜥ šꜣ(ꜥ)-m ḥwt-kꜣ-[ptḥ] nfryt-r zmꜣ-n-bḥḏt
      [Ra-Horakhty-who-rejoices-on-the-horizon-in-his-name-of-Light]-in-the-Sun-Disk is [upon] the altars of Ra from Memphis all the way to Zema-Behdet.
    • 19th Dynasty, Papyrus Sallier IV (British Museum EA 10184) verso (A Letter Concerning the Wonders of Memphis), 1.3, 2.1:
      m a
      k
      y
      Y1
      Hr Z1 D&d
      n
      p
      t
      H G7 aA
      Y1
      rsw y
      N23 Z1
      inb
      f
      nb G7 anx n
      x
      G7 tA
      tA
      N23 N23
      n sxm x
      t H8
      I12 aA
      t Y1
      U7
      r
      i i A2 p
      t
      H G7 [[ ]]
      n sw t
      n
      i i G7 Z3A bit
      t Z5
      W23
      Z2ss
      n
      t y
      imi m
      y
      wr
      r
      t
      pr
      n
      t y
      Hr Z1 imnt t N23
      n
      Hwt t
      pr
      kA Z1 p
      t
      H G7
      m.k ḥr ḏd n ptḥ ꜥꜣ rs(j)-jnb.f nb ꜥnḫ-tꜣwj n sḫmt ꜥꜣt mry(t) ptḥ […] n nswtyw-bjtjw ntj jmj-wrt ntj ḥr jmnt n(j) ḥwt-kꜣ-ptḥ […]
      Look, (I) pray to Ptah the Great, He-Who-is-South-of-His-Wall, the lord of the life of the Two Lands, to Sekhmet the Great, beloved of Ptah, […] to the Dual Kings of Egypt who are in the West [i.e. the afterworld], who are to the west of Memphis […]
  3. (metonymically) Egypt

Descendants[edit]

  • Ancient Greek: Αἴγυπτος (Aíguptos) (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  • Saad, Ramadan and Manniche, Lise (1971) “A unique offering list of Amenophis IV recently found at Karnak” in The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, vol. 57, pages 70–72.
  • Gardiner, Alan (1937) Late-Egyptian Miscellanies, page 89.
  • Schäfer, Heinrich (1905–1908) Urkunden des ägyptischen Altertums III: Urkunden der älteren Äthiopenkönige, Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung, page 35