ἐπεί

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ἐπί (epí, on) + εἰ (ei, if).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /e.pěː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ɛˈpi/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /eˈpi/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /eˈpi/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /eˈpi/
  • Conjunction[edit]

    ἐπεί (epeí)

    1. (of time) after, after that, since, when
      1. (with indicative)
        1. (of a definite occurrence in past time, mostly with aorist)
        1. (with implied reference to some later time)
      2. (with subjunctive, ἄν (án) often being added)
        1. (referring to future time)
        2. (referring generally to any one of a number of instances, with a present apodosis of repeated action) whenever, when once
      3. (with optative, without ἄν (án))
        1. (referring to future time)
        2. (more frequently, referring generally to any one of a number of past instances, with a past apodosis of repeated action)
        3. (in indirect speech after past tenses, representing a subjunctive in direct speech)
      4. (with infinitive, only be assimilation in indirect speech)
      5. (with other words)
        1. (with τάχιστα (tákhista))
        2. (with various emphatic particles)
    2. (causal) since, seeing that
      1. (with indicative)
      2. (in most of the constructions which are found in independent sentences)
      3. (with infinitive in indirect speech)
      4. (in various elliptical expressions)
      5. (sometimes epexegetic, introducing a narrative)
      6. (with other particles)

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]