Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Uncertain, but a link to Proto-Indo-European *h₃órbʰos has been proposed, suggesting a common origin with Sanskrit अर्भ (árbha), Latin orbus (“orphaned”), Old High German erbi, arbi (German Erbe (“heir”)), and Old English ierfa (“heir”).
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /orpʰe͜ʊ́s/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /orpʰɛ́ʍs/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /orɸéɸs/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /orféps/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /oɾféps/
- p. 1,019 in S. C. Woodhouse’s English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language. Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited. 1950.