ⲟⲩⲣⲟ

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Coptic[edit]

The depiction of a Pharaoh.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Demotic pr ꜥꜣ (king), from Egyptian pr ꜥꜣ (palace, pharaoh).

O1
O29

The initial p has been reanalysed as a masculine singular definite article and omitted. Cognate to Coptic ⲫⲁⲣⲁⲱ (pharaō), Hebrew פַּרְעֹה‎ and Ancient Greek φαραώ (pharaṓ).

Noun[edit]

ⲟⲩⲣⲟ (ourom (plural ⲟⲩⲣⲱⲟⲩ)

  1. (Bohairic) king

Proper noun[edit]

̀ⲡⲟⲩⲣⲟ (̀pourom

  1. (Bohairic) The title of a king or pharaoh, King.
    • The Bohairic Coptic Bible, Acts 26:27
      "̀Ⲭⲛⲁϩϯ, ̀ⲡⲟⲩⲣⲟ ⲁⲅⲣⲓⲡⲡⲁⲥ, ̀ⲉⲛⲓⲡⲣⲟⲫⲏⲧⲏⲥ; Ϯⲥⲱⲟⲩⲛ ϫⲉ ̀ⲭⲛⲁϩϯ."
      "Do you believe, King Agrippa, in the prophets? I know that you do believe."
    • The Bohairic Coptic Bible, Acts 26:13
      "Ⲉⲓϩⲓ ⲡⲓⲙⲱⲓⲧ ⲇⲉ ϧⲉⲛ ̀ⲧⲫⲁϣⲓ ̀ⲙⲡⲓ̀ⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲁⲓⲛⲁⲩ, ̀ⲡⲟⲩⲣⲟ, ̀ⲉⲟⲩⲟⲩⲱⲓⲛⲓ ̀ⲉⲃⲟⲗϧⲉⲛ ̀ⲧⲫⲉ ̀ⲉϩⲟⲧⲉ ̀ⲫⲣⲏ ⲁϥ̀ⲓ ̀ⲉ̀ϩⲣⲏⲓ ̀ⲉϫⲱⲓ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲛⲏⲉⲑⲛⲉⲙⲏⲓ".
      "On the road at midday I saw, O King, a light from heaven, brighter than the brightness of the sun, shining round about me and those who journeyed with me.".
    • The Bohairic Coptic Bible, Acts 25:24
      Ⲟⲩⲟϩ ⲡⲉϫⲉ ⲫⲏⲥⲧⲟⲥ ϫⲉ "̀ⲡⲟⲩⲣⲟ ⲁⲅⲣⲓⲡⲡⲁ ⲛⲉⲙ ⲛⲓⲣⲱⲙⲓ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲉⲑⲛⲉⲙⲁⲛ ⲧⲉⲧⲉⲛⲛⲁⲩ ̀ⲉⲫⲁⲓ ⲉⲑⲃⲏⲧϥ ̀ⲁ ⲡⲓⲙⲏϣ ⲧⲏⲣϥ ̀ⲛⲧⲉ ⲛⲓⲒⲟⲩⲇⲁⲓ ̀ⲥ̀ⲉⲙⲓ ⲛⲏⲓ ϧⲉⲛ Ⲓⲉⲣⲟⲩⲥⲁⲗⲏⲙ ⲛⲉⲙ ϧⲉⲛ ⲡⲁⲓⲕⲉⲙⲁ ⲉⲩⲱϣ ̀ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϫⲉ ̀ϥⲉⲙ̀ⲡϣⲁ ̀ⲛⲱⲛϧ ⲁⲛ ϫⲉ."
      And Festus said, "King Agrippa and all men who are here present with us, you see this man about whom all the multitude of the Jews have applied to me, both at Jerusalem and also here, crying out that he ought not to live any longer."
    • The Bohairic Coptic Bible, Matthew 2:3
      ̀Ⲉⲧⲁϥⲥⲱⲧⲉⲙ ϫⲉ ̀ⲛϫⲉ ̀ⲡⲟⲩⲣⲟ Ⲏⲣⲱⲇⲏⲥ, ⲁϥ̀ϣⲑⲟⲣⲧⲉⲣ, ⲛⲉⲙ Ⲓⲉⲣⲟⲩⲥⲁⲗⲏⲙ ⲧⲏⲣⲥ ⲛⲉⲙⲁϥ.
      When King Herod heard this, he was troubled, and all of Jerusalem with him.
  2. (Bohairic) Caesar, Augustus, the titles of Roman emperors.
    • The Bohairic Coptic Bible, Acts 25:8
      Ⲉϥⲉⲣⲁⲡⲟⲗⲟⲅⲓⲥⲑⲉ ̀ⲛϫⲉ ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ ϫⲉ "ⲟⲩⲇⲉ ̀ⲙⲟⲩⲉⲣⲛⲟⲃⲓ ̀ⲉ̀ⲫⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ̀ⲛⲛⲓⲒⲟⲩⲇⲁⲓ, ⲟⲩⲇⲉ ⲡⲓⲉⲣⲫⲉⲓ, ⲟⲩⲇⲉ ̀ⲡⲟⲩⲣⲟ".
      While Paul answered for himself: "Neither against the law of the Jews, nor against the temple, nor yet against Caesar."

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Crum, Walter E. (1939) A Coptic Dictionary[1], Oxford: Clarendon Press, →ISBN, page 299