おはようございます

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phrase consisting of おはよう (ohayō, early, formal, adverbial) + ございます (gozaimasu, it is, formal).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Tokyo) はよーございま [òháyóó gózáímḁꜜsù] (Nakadaka – [8])[2]
  • IPA(key): [o̞ha̠jo̞ː ɡo̞za̠ima̠sɨ̥ᵝ]
  • (file)

Interjection[edit]

おはようございます (rōmaji ohayō gozaimasu, historical hiragana おはやうございます)

  1. good morning

Usage notes[edit]

In more casual speech, may be shortened to just おはよう (ohayō).

Also spelled in kanji various ways. Generally, the more kanji used, the more formal the written form. The following lists alternative forms in rough order from casual to formal.

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9