ペスト

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See also: ベスト

Japanese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Borrowed from German Pest.[4][1][5][2]

Noun[edit]

ペスト (pesuto

  1. (medicine, pathology) plague

Etymology 2[edit]

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Shortening of ペスト・ジェノヴェーゼ (pesuto jenovēze), from Italian pesto alla genovese.

Noun[edit]

ペスト (pesuto

  1. (food) pesto (Italian sauce)

Etymology 3[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Borrowed from English Pest, from Hungarian Pest.

A borrowing directly from Hungarian is extremely unlikely, as the Hungarian pronunciation of /pɛʃt/ would result in a Japanese rendering of ペシュト (peshuto) instead.

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

ペスト (Pesuto

  1. Pest, the eastern half of the city of Budapest

Etymology 4[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Borrowed from French peste, from the title of the 1947 novel La Peste by Albert Camus.[1][5]

Proper noun[edit]

ペスト (Pesuto

  1. The Plague, original title La Peste, a novel by Albert Camus

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  3. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997) 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 Matsumura, Akira (1995) 大辞泉 [Daijisen] (in Japanese), First edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN