pesto

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See also: Pesto and pestò

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

1937, from Italian pesto, from Latin pistus (crushed, pounded), from Latin pīnsō (to pound, beat, crush). Cognate to pestle.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɛstoʊ/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɛstəʊ/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛstəʊ

Noun[edit]

pesto (usually uncountable, plural pestos)

  1. A sauce, especially for pasta, originating from the Genoa region in Italy, made from basil, garlic, pine nuts, olive oil and cheese (usually pecorino).
    • 2019, Ocean Vuong, On Earth We're Briefly Gorgeous, Jonathan Cape, page 221:
      Inside the house, Paul is in the kitchen bent over a bowl of pesto: thick shiny basil leaves, machete-crushed garlic cloves, pine nuts, onions roasted till their gold edges blacken, and the bright scent of lemon zest.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024), “pesto”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pesto m (plural pestos)

  1. pesto

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pesto (accusative singular peston, plural pestoj, accusative plural pestojn)

  1. pestilence

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian pesto.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpesto/, [ˈpe̞s̠to̞]
  • Rhymes: -esto
  • Syllabification(key): pes‧to

Noun[edit]

pesto

  1. pesto

Declension[edit]

Inflection of pesto (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative pesto pestot
genitive peston pestojen
partitive pestoa pestoja
illative pestoon pestoihin
singular plural
nominative pesto pestot
accusative nom. pesto pestot
gen. peston
genitive peston pestojen
partitive pestoa pestoja
inessive pestossa pestoissa
elative pestosta pestoista
illative pestoon pestoihin
adessive pestolla pestoilla
ablative pestolta pestoilta
allative pestolle pestoille
essive pestona pestoina
translative pestoksi pestoiksi
abessive pestotta pestoitta
instructive pestoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of pesto (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative pestoni pestoni
accusative nom. pestoni pestoni
gen. pestoni
genitive pestoni pestojeni
partitive pestoani pestojani
inessive pestossani pestoissani
elative pestostani pestoistani
illative pestooni pestoihini
adessive pestollani pestoillani
ablative pestoltani pestoiltani
allative pestolleni pestoilleni
essive pestonani pestoinani
translative pestokseni pestoikseni
abessive pestottani pestoittani
instructive
comitative pestoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative pestosi pestosi
accusative nom. pestosi pestosi
gen. pestosi
genitive pestosi pestojesi
partitive pestoasi pestojasi
inessive pestossasi pestoissasi
elative pestostasi pestoistasi
illative pestoosi pestoihisi
adessive pestollasi pestoillasi
ablative pestoltasi pestoiltasi
allative pestollesi pestoillesi
essive pestonasi pestoinasi
translative pestoksesi pestoiksesi
abessive pestottasi pestoittasi
instructive
comitative pestoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative pestomme pestomme
accusative nom. pestomme pestomme
gen. pestomme
genitive pestomme pestojemme
partitive pestoamme pestojamme
inessive pestossamme pestoissamme
elative pestostamme pestoistamme
illative pestoomme pestoihimme
adessive pestollamme pestoillamme
ablative pestoltamme pestoiltamme
allative pestollemme pestoillemme
essive pestonamme pestoinamme
translative pestoksemme pestoiksemme
abessive pestottamme pestoittamme
instructive
comitative pestoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative pestonne pestonne
accusative nom. pestonne pestonne
gen. pestonne
genitive pestonne pestojenne
partitive pestoanne pestojanne
inessive pestossanne pestoissanne
elative pestostanne pestoistanne
illative pestoonne pestoihinne
adessive pestollanne pestoillanne
ablative pestoltanne pestoiltanne
allative pestollenne pestoillenne
essive pestonanne pestoinanne
translative pestoksenne pestoiksenne
abessive pestottanne pestoittanne
instructive
comitative pestoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative pestonsa pestonsa
accusative nom. pestonsa pestonsa
gen. pestonsa
genitive pestonsa pestojensa
partitive pestoaan
pestoansa
pestojaan
pestojansa
inessive pestossaan
pestossansa
pestoissaan
pestoissansa
elative pestostaan
pestostansa
pestoistaan
pestoistansa
illative pestoonsa pestoihinsa
adessive pestollaan
pestollansa
pestoillaan
pestoillansa
ablative pestoltaan
pestoltansa
pestoiltaan
pestoiltansa
allative pestolleen
pestollensa
pestoilleen
pestoillensa
essive pestonaan
pestonansa
pestoinaan
pestoinansa
translative pestokseen
pestoksensa
pestoikseen
pestoiksensa
abessive pestottaan
pestottansa
pestoittaan
pestoittansa
instructive
comitative pestoineen
pestoinensa

Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpe.sto/
  • Rhymes: -esto
  • Hyphenation: pé‧sto

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin pistus (crushed, pounded), from Latin pīnsō (to pound, beat, crush), whose frequentative also gave Italian pestare (to pound).

Adjective[edit]

pesto (feminine pesta, masculine plural pesti, feminine plural peste)

  1. crushed, ground, beaten
  2. livid, bluish, black
    occhio pestoblack eye
  3. pitch-dark, pitch-black
    buio pestopitch darkness
Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

pesto m (plural pesti)

  1. (cooking) pesto
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: pesto
  • Turkish: pesto

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

pesto

  1. first-person singular present indicative of pestare

Anagrams[edit]

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
pesto

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian pesto.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pesto n (indeclinable)

  1. pesto (Italian sauce especially for pasta)

Further reading[edit]

  • pesto in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • pesto in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian pesto.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpesto/ [ˈpes.t̪o]
  • Rhymes: -esto
  • Syllabification: pes‧to

Noun[edit]

pesto m (plural pestos)

  1. pesto

Further reading[edit]

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English pesto, from Italian pesto.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɛsdɔ/, [ˈpʰɛstɔ]

Noun[edit]

pesto m (uncountable)

  1. pesto

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
pesto besto mhesto phesto
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.