pinso

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Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *peys- ‎(to crush). Cognate includes Ancient Greek πτισανη ‎(ptisanē, barley), πτίσσω ‎(ptíssō, to winnow, peel); Proto-Slavonic pьšenica ‎(pĭšenica, wheat); Sanskrit पिनष्टि ‎(pinaṣṭi, to grind). Compare pīla, pīlum.

Verb[edit]

pinsō ‎(present infinitive pinsere, perfect active pinsuī or pinsī, supine pinsum or pistum or pinsitum); third conjugation

  1. I beat
  2. I pound
  3. I bray
  4. I crush
Inflection[edit]

Perfect forms may be contracted, e.g., pinsī for pinsuī. A supine in pinsitus is also found.

   Conjugation of pinso (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsō pinsis pinsit pinsimus pinsitis pinsunt
imperfect pinsēbam pinsēbās pinsēbat pinsēbāmus pinsēbātis pinsēbant
future pinsam pinsēs pinset pinsēmus pinsētis pinsent
perfect pinsī pinsistī pinsit pinsimus pinsistis pinsērunt, pinsēre
pluperfect pinseram pinserās pinserat pinserāmus pinserātis pinserant
future perfect pinserō pinseris pinserit pinserimus pinseritis pinserint
passive present pinsor pinseris, pinsere pinsitur pinsimur pinsiminī pinsuntur
imperfect pinsēbar pinsēbāris, pinsēbāre pinsēbātur pinsēbāmur pinsēbāminī pinsēbantur
future pinsar pinsēris, pinsēre pinsētur pinsēmur pinsēminī pinsentur
perfect pinsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pinsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pinsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsam pinsās pinsat pinsāmus pinsātis pinsant
imperfect pinserem pinserēs pinseret pinserēmus pinserētis pinserent
perfect pinserim pinserīs pinserit pinserīmus pinserītis pinserint
pluperfect pinsissem pinsissēs pinsisset pinsissēmus pinsissētis pinsissent
passive present pinsar pinsāris, pinsāre pinsātur pinsāmur pinsāminī pinsantur
imperfect pinserer pinserēris, pinserēre pinserētur pinserēmur pinserēminī pinserentur
perfect pinsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pinsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinse pinsite
future pinsitō pinsitō pinsitōte pinsuntō
passive present pinsere pinsiminī
future pinsitor pinsitor pinsuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pinsere pinsisse pinsūrus esse pinsī pinsus esse pinsum īrī
participles pinsēns pinsūrus pinsus pinsendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pinsere pinsendī pinsendō pinsendum pinsum pinsū
   Conjugation of pinso (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsō pinsis pinsit pinsimus pinsitis pinsunt
imperfect pinsēbam pinsēbās pinsēbat pinsēbāmus pinsēbātis pinsēbant
future pinsam pinsēs pinset pinsēmus pinsētis pinsent
perfect pinsuī pinsuistī pinsuit pinsuimus pinsuistis pinsuērunt, pinsuēre
pluperfect pinsueram pinsuerās pinsuerat pinsuerāmus pinsuerātis pinsuerant
future perfect pinsuerō pinsueris pinsuerit pinsuerimus pinsueritis pinsuerint
passive present pinsor pinseris, pinsere pinsitur pinsimur pinsiminī pinsuntur
imperfect pinsēbar pinsēbāris, pinsēbāre pinsēbātur pinsēbāmur pinsēbāminī pinsēbantur
future pinsar pinsēris, pinsēre pinsētur pinsēmur pinsēminī pinsentur
perfect pinsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pinsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pinsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsam pinsās pinsat pinsāmus pinsātis pinsant
imperfect pinserem pinserēs pinseret pinserēmus pinserētis pinserent
perfect pinsuerim pinsuerīs pinsuerit pinsuerīmus pinsuerītis pinsuerint
pluperfect pinsuissem pinsuissēs pinsuisset pinsuissēmus pinsuissētis pinsuissent
passive present pinsar pinsāris, pinsāre pinsātur pinsāmur pinsāminī pinsantur
imperfect pinserer pinserēris, pinserēre pinserētur pinserēmur pinserēminī pinserentur
perfect pinsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pinsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinse pinsite
future pinsitō pinsitō pinsitōte pinsuntō
passive present pinsere pinsiminī
future pinsitor pinsitor pinsuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pinsere pinsuisse pinsūrus esse pinsī pinsus esse pinsum īrī
participles pinsēns pinsūrus pinsus pinsendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pinsere pinsendī pinsendō pinsendum pinsum pinsū
   Conjugation of pinso (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsō pinsis pinsit pinsimus pinsitis pinsunt
imperfect pinsēbam pinsēbās pinsēbat pinsēbāmus pinsēbātis pinsēbant
future pinsam pinsēs pinset pinsēmus pinsētis pinsent
perfect pinsī pinsistī pinsit pinsimus pinsistis pinsērunt, pinsēre
pluperfect pinseram pinserās pinserat pinserāmus pinserātis pinserant
future perfect pinserō pinseris pinserit pinserimus pinseritis pinserint
passive present pinsor pinseris, pinsere pinsitur pinsimur pinsiminī pinsuntur
imperfect pinsēbar pinsēbāris, pinsēbāre pinsēbātur pinsēbāmur pinsēbāminī pinsēbantur
future pinsar pinsēris, pinsēre pinsētur pinsēmur pinsēminī pinsentur
perfect pistus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pistus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pistus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsam pinsās pinsat pinsāmus pinsātis pinsant
imperfect pinserem pinserēs pinseret pinserēmus pinserētis pinserent
perfect pinserim pinserīs pinserit pinserīmus pinserītis pinserint
pluperfect pinsissem pinsissēs pinsisset pinsissēmus pinsissētis pinsissent
passive present pinsar pinsāris, pinsāre pinsātur pinsāmur pinsāminī pinsantur
imperfect pinserer pinserēris, pinserēre pinserētur pinserēmur pinserēminī pinserentur
perfect pistus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pistus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinse pinsite
future pinsitō pinsitō pinsitōte pinsuntō
passive present pinsere pinsiminī
future pinsitor pinsitor pinsuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pinsere pinsisse pistūrus esse pinsī pistus esse pistum īrī
participles pinsēns pistūrus pistus pinsendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pinsere pinsendī pinsendō pinsendum pistum pistū
   Conjugation of pinso (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsō pinsis pinsit pinsimus pinsitis pinsunt
imperfect pinsēbam pinsēbās pinsēbat pinsēbāmus pinsēbātis pinsēbant
future pinsam pinsēs pinset pinsēmus pinsētis pinsent
perfect pinsuī pinsuistī pinsuit pinsuimus pinsuistis pinsuērunt, pinsuēre
pluperfect pinsueram pinsuerās pinsuerat pinsuerāmus pinsuerātis pinsuerant
future perfect pinsuerō pinsueris pinsuerit pinsuerimus pinsueritis pinsuerint
passive present pinsor pinseris, pinsere pinsitur pinsimur pinsiminī pinsuntur
imperfect pinsēbar pinsēbāris, pinsēbāre pinsēbātur pinsēbāmur pinsēbāminī pinsēbantur
future pinsar pinsēris, pinsēre pinsētur pinsēmur pinsēminī pinsentur
perfect pistus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pistus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pistus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsam pinsās pinsat pinsāmus pinsātis pinsant
imperfect pinserem pinserēs pinseret pinserēmus pinserētis pinserent
perfect pinsuerim pinsuerīs pinsuerit pinsuerīmus pinsuerītis pinsuerint
pluperfect pinsuissem pinsuissēs pinsuisset pinsuissēmus pinsuissētis pinsuissent
passive present pinsar pinsāris, pinsāre pinsātur pinsāmur pinsāminī pinsantur
imperfect pinserer pinserēris, pinserēre pinserētur pinserēmur pinserēminī pinserentur
perfect pistus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pistus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinse pinsite
future pinsitō pinsitō pinsitōte pinsuntō
passive present pinsere pinsiminī
future pinsitor pinsitor pinsuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pinsere pinsuisse pistūrus esse pinsī pistus esse pistum īrī
participles pinsēns pistūrus pistus pinsendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pinsere pinsendī pinsendō pinsendum pistum pistū
   Conjugation of pinso (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsō pinsis pinsit pinsimus pinsitis pinsunt
imperfect pinsēbam pinsēbās pinsēbat pinsēbāmus pinsēbātis pinsēbant
future pinsam pinsēs pinset pinsēmus pinsētis pinsent
perfect pinsī pinsistī pinsit pinsimus pinsistis pinsērunt, pinsēre
pluperfect pinseram pinserās pinserat pinserāmus pinserātis pinserant
future perfect pinserō pinseris pinserit pinserimus pinseritis pinserint
passive present pinsor pinseris, pinsere pinsitur pinsimur pinsiminī pinsuntur
imperfect pinsēbar pinsēbāris, pinsēbāre pinsēbātur pinsēbāmur pinsēbāminī pinsēbantur
future pinsar pinsēris, pinsēre pinsētur pinsēmur pinsēminī pinsentur
perfect pinsitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pinsitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pinsitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsam pinsās pinsat pinsāmus pinsātis pinsant
imperfect pinserem pinserēs pinseret pinserēmus pinserētis pinserent
perfect pinserim pinserīs pinserit pinserīmus pinserītis pinserint
pluperfect pinsissem pinsissēs pinsisset pinsissēmus pinsissētis pinsissent
passive present pinsar pinsāris, pinsāre pinsātur pinsāmur pinsāminī pinsantur
imperfect pinserer pinserēris, pinserēre pinserētur pinserēmur pinserēminī pinserentur
perfect pinsitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pinsitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinse pinsite
future pinsitō pinsitō pinsitōte pinsuntō
passive present pinsere pinsiminī
future pinsitor pinsitor pinsuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pinsere pinsisse pinsitūrus esse pinsī pinsitus esse pinsitum īrī
participles pinsēns pinsitūrus pinsitus pinsendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pinsere pinsendī pinsendō pinsendum pinsitum pinsitū
   Conjugation of pinso (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsō pinsis pinsit pinsimus pinsitis pinsunt
imperfect pinsēbam pinsēbās pinsēbat pinsēbāmus pinsēbātis pinsēbant
future pinsam pinsēs pinset pinsēmus pinsētis pinsent
perfect pinsuī pinsuistī pinsuit pinsuimus pinsuistis pinsuērunt, pinsuēre
pluperfect pinsueram pinsuerās pinsuerat pinsuerāmus pinsuerātis pinsuerant
future perfect pinsuerō pinsueris pinsuerit pinsuerimus pinsueritis pinsuerint
passive present pinsor pinseris, pinsere pinsitur pinsimur pinsiminī pinsuntur
imperfect pinsēbar pinsēbāris, pinsēbāre pinsēbātur pinsēbāmur pinsēbāminī pinsēbantur
future pinsar pinsēris, pinsēre pinsētur pinsēmur pinsēminī pinsentur
perfect pinsitus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pinsitus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pinsitus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsam pinsās pinsat pinsāmus pinsātis pinsant
imperfect pinserem pinserēs pinseret pinserēmus pinserētis pinserent
perfect pinsuerim pinsuerīs pinsuerit pinsuerīmus pinsuerītis pinsuerint
pluperfect pinsuissem pinsuissēs pinsuisset pinsuissēmus pinsuissētis pinsuissent
passive present pinsar pinsāris, pinsāre pinsātur pinsāmur pinsāminī pinsantur
imperfect pinserer pinserēris, pinserēre pinserētur pinserēmur pinserēminī pinserentur
perfect pinsitus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pinsitus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinse pinsite
future pinsitō pinsitō pinsitōte pinsuntō
passive present pinsere pinsiminī
future pinsitor pinsitor pinsuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pinsere pinsuisse pinsitūrus esse pinsī pinsitus esse pinsitum īrī
participles pinsēns pinsitūrus pinsitus pinsendus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pinsere pinsendī pinsendō pinsendum pinsitum pinsitū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • pinso” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.

Etymology 2[edit]

Post-classical frequentative or vulgar from pinso

Verb[edit]

pinsō ‎(present infinitive pinsāre, perfect active pinsāvī, supine pinsātum); first conjugation

  1. I beat
  2. I pound.
Inflection[edit]
   Conjugation of pinso (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsō pinsās pinsat pinsāmus pinsātis pinsant
imperfect pinsābam pinsābās pinsābat pinsābāmus pinsābātis pinsābant
future pinsābō pinsābis pinsābit pinsābimus pinsābitis pinsābunt
perfect pinsāvī pinsāvistī pinsāvit pinsāvimus pinsāvistis pinsāvērunt, pinsāvēre
pluperfect pinsāveram pinsāverās pinsāverat pinsāverāmus pinsāverātis pinsāverant
future perfect pinsāverō pinsāveris pinsāverit pinsāverimus pinsāveritis pinsāverint
passive present pinsor pinsāris, pinsāre pinsātur pinsāmur pinsāminī pinsantur
imperfect pinsābar pinsābāris, pinsābāre pinsābātur pinsābāmur pinsābāminī pinsābantur
future pinsābor pinsāberis, pinsābere pinsābitur pinsābimur pinsābiminī pinsābuntur
perfect pinsātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pinsātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pinsātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsem pinsēs pinset pinsēmus pinsētis pinsent
imperfect pinsārem pinsārēs pinsāret pinsārēmus pinsārētis pinsārent
perfect pinsāverim pinsāverīs pinsāverit pinsāverīmus pinsāverītis pinsāverint
pluperfect pinsāvissem pinsāvissēs pinsāvisset pinsāvissēmus pinsāvissētis pinsāvissent
passive present pinser pinsēris, pinsēre pinsētur pinsēmur pinsēminī pinsentur
imperfect pinsārer pinsārēris, pinsārēre pinsārētur pinsārēmur pinsārēminī pinsārentur
perfect pinsātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pinsātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pinsā pinsāte
future pinsātō pinsātō pinsātōte pinsantō
passive present pinsāre pinsāminī
future pinsātor pinsātor pinsantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pinsāre pinsāvisse pinsātūrus esse pinsārī pinsātus esse pinsātum īrī
participles pinsāns pinsātūrus pinsātus pinsandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
pinsāre pinsandī pinsandō pinsandum pinsātum pinsātū
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]