pinso

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: piņšõ

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish pienso (feed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pinso m (plural pinsos)

  1. feed (food given to (especially herbivorous) animals)
    • 2008, Miquel Pujol i Palol, Les plantes cultivades. 1. Cereals, →ISBN, page 20:
      Actualment, el gra de cereals destinat a l’alimentació animal, els pinsos, representa un 33% de la producció total arreu del món i és més del 40% en els països de la Unió Europea.
      Currently, cereal grain set aside for the feeding of animals, feed, represents 33% of the total global production, and it is more than 40% in the countries of the European Union.

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *peys- (to crush). Cognate includes Ancient Greek πτισάνη (ptisánē, barley), πτίσσω (ptíssō, to winnow, peel); Proto-Slavonic пьшеница (pĭšenica, wheat); Sanskrit पिनष्टि (pinaṣṭi, to grind). Compare pīla, pīlum.

Verb[edit]

pīnsō (present infinitive pīnsere, perfect active pīnsuī or pīnsī, supine pīnsum or pīnsitum or pistum); third conjugation

  1. I beat, pound
    • AD 4th C., Diomedes Grammaticus (author), Heinrich Keil (editor), Artis Grammaticae Liber I (1857), page 373:
      Sed apud veterēs reperīmus etiam n litterā additā pīnsō, quod est tundō, ut Ennius decimō Annālium pīnsunt terram genibus.
      But in the older authors we also find pīnsō with an added n, which is 'to beat', like Ennius in the tenth book of the Annals: they pound the dirt with their knees.
  2. I lash, scourge
    • c. 206 BCE – 188 BCE, Plautus, Mercator 2.3.80:
      ea molet, coquet, cōnficiet pēnsum, pīnsētur flagrō
      She will grind, cook, spin wool, she'll be lashed by a whip []
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of pīnsō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pīnsō pīnsis pīnsit pīnsimus pīnsitis pīnsunt
imperfect pīnsēbam pīnsēbās pīnsēbat pīnsēbāmus pīnsēbātis pīnsēbant
future pīnsam pīnsēs pīnset pīnsēmus pīnsētis pīnsent
perfect pīnsuī, pīnsī pīnsuistī, pīnsistī pīnsuit, pīnsit pīnsuimus, pīnsimus pīnsuistis, pīnsistis pīnsuērunt, pīnsuēre, pīnsērunt, pīnsēre
pluperfect pīnsueram, pīnseram pīnsuerās, pīnserās pīnsuerat, pīnserat pīnsuerāmus, pīnserāmus pīnsuerātis, pīnserātis pīnsuerant, pīnserant
future perfect pīnsuerō, pīnserō pīnsueris, pīnseris pīnsuerit, pīnserit pīnsuerimus, pīnserimus pīnsueritis, pīnseritis pīnsuerint, pīnserint
passive present pīnsor pīnseris, pīnsere pīnsitur pīnsimur pīnsiminī pīnsuntur
imperfect pīnsēbar pīnsēbāris, pīnsēbāre pīnsēbātur pīnsēbāmur pīnsēbāminī pīnsēbantur
future pīnsar pīnsēris, pīnsēre pīnsētur pīnsēmur pīnsēminī pīnsentur
perfect pīnsus or pīnsitus or pistus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pīnsus or pīnsitus or pistus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pīnsus or pīnsitus or pistus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pīnsam pīnsās pīnsat pīnsāmus pīnsātis pīnsant
imperfect pīnserem pīnserēs pīnseret pīnserēmus pīnserētis pīnserent
perfect pīnsuerim, pīnserim pīnsuerīs, pīnserīs pīnsuerit, pīnserit pīnsuerīmus, pīnserīmus pīnsuerītis, pīnserītis pīnsuerint, pīnserint
pluperfect pīnsuissem, pīnsissem pīnsuissēs, pīnsissēs pīnsuisset, pīnsisset pīnsuissēmus, pīnsissēmus pīnsuissētis, pīnsissētis pīnsuissent, pīnsissent
passive present pīnsar pīnsāris, pīnsāre pīnsātur pīnsāmur pīnsāminī pīnsantur
imperfect pīnserer pīnserēris, pīnserēre pīnserētur pīnserēmur pīnserēminī pīnserentur
perfect pīnsus or pīnsitus or pistus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pīnsus or pīnsitus or pistus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pīnse pīnsite
future pīnsitō pīnsitō pīnsitōte pīnsuntō
passive present pīnsere pīnsiminī
future pīnsitor pīnsitor pīnsuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pīnsere pīnsuisse, pīnsisse pīnsūrum esse, pīnsitūrum esse, pistūrum esse pīnsī pīnsum esse, pīnsitum esse, pistum esse pīnsum īrī, pīnsitum īrī, pistum īrī
participles pīnsēns pīnsūrus, pīnsitūrus, pistūrus pīnsus, pīnsitus, pistus pīnsendus, pīnsundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pīnsendī pīnsendō pīnsendum pīnsendō pīnsum, pīnsitum, pistum pīnsū, pīnsitū, pistū
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Post-classical frequentative of pīnsō.

Verb[edit]

pīnsō (present infinitive pīnsāre, perfect active pīnsāvī, supine pīnsātum); first conjugation

  1. I beat
  2. I pound.
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of pīnsō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pīnsō pīnsās pīnsat pīnsāmus pīnsātis pīnsant
imperfect pīnsābam pīnsābās pīnsābat pīnsābāmus pīnsābātis pīnsābant
future pīnsābō pīnsābis pīnsābit pīnsābimus pīnsābitis pīnsābunt
perfect pīnsāvī pīnsāvistī pīnsāvit pīnsāvimus pīnsāvistis pīnsāvērunt, pīnsāvēre
pluperfect pīnsāveram pīnsāverās pīnsāverat pīnsāverāmus pīnsāverātis pīnsāverant
future perfect pīnsāverō pīnsāveris pīnsāverit pīnsāverimus pīnsāveritis pīnsāverint
passive present pīnsor pīnsāris, pīnsāre pīnsātur pīnsāmur pīnsāminī pīnsantur
imperfect pīnsābar pīnsābāris, pīnsābāre pīnsābātur pīnsābāmur pīnsābāminī pīnsābantur
future pīnsābor pīnsāberis, pīnsābere pīnsābitur pīnsābimur pīnsābiminī pīnsābuntur
perfect pīnsātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pīnsātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pīnsātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pīnsem pīnsēs pīnset pīnsēmus pīnsētis pīnsent
imperfect pīnsārem pīnsārēs pīnsāret pīnsārēmus pīnsārētis pīnsārent
perfect pīnsāverim pīnsāverīs pīnsāverit pīnsāverīmus pīnsāverītis pīnsāverint
pluperfect pīnsāvissem pīnsāvissēs pīnsāvisset pīnsāvissēmus pīnsāvissētis pīnsāvissent
passive present pīnser pīnsēris, pīnsēre pīnsētur pīnsēmur pīnsēminī pīnsentur
imperfect pīnsārer pīnsārēris, pīnsārēre pīnsārētur pīnsārēmur pīnsārēminī pīnsārentur
perfect pīnsātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pīnsātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pīnsā pīnsāte
future pīnsātō pīnsātō pīnsātōte pīnsantō
passive present pīnsāre pīnsāminī
future pīnsātor pīnsātor pīnsantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pīnsāre pīnsāvisse pīnsātūrum esse pīnsārī pīnsātum esse pīnsātum īrī
participles pīnsāns pīnsātūrus pīnsātus pīnsandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pīnsandī pīnsandō pīnsandum pīnsandō pīnsātum pīnsātū
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Aromanian: chisedz, chisari
  • Galician: pisar
  • Portuguese: pisar
  • Romanian: pisa, pisare, păsat
  • Spanish: pisar

See also[edit]