漢女

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Old Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
あや
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
Irregular kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
漢女 (kyūjitai)

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (Aya, one of the purported ancient clans who originated from China) +‎ (me1, woman).

Noun[edit]

漢女 (ayame) (kana あやめ)

  1. women who came to ancient Japan skilled in the art of weaving textiles such as 綾錦 (ayanishiki)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 7, poem 1273), text here
      住吉波豆麻公之馬乘衣雜豆臈漢女乎座而縫衣叙
      Sumi1no2ye no2 Paduma no2 ki1mi1 ga uma no2ri ko2ro2mo sapi1durapu ayame1 wo suwete nupe1ru ko2ro2mo zo2
      The horse-riding robes of Lord Hazuma of Suminoe is a garment sewn by the foreign girl, who chirps like a bird [i.e. speaking Chinese], that he made sit and sew.

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese: 菖蒲 (ayame, iris)

See also[edit]

  • 囀らふ (sapi1durapu, pillow word alluding to ayame1)